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Friday, July 24, 2015

Demanding Science (learning) with various approaches

The ride was not finished (320)

(Part three hundred twenty), Depok, West Java, Indonesia, 24 July 2015, 19:50 pm)

Demanding Science (learning) with various approaches

The purpose of human learning (study) was so they could have enough knowledge or skilled both in order to improve the living standards of human (good salary / enough) or in order to know the essence of real human purpose (theology).
There are several approaches human search for knowledge is no common approach (secular) is looking for scientific and empirical science, and philosophy.
Also there are approaches seek knowledge through religious approach, through the Quran and the Hadith (Sunnah / al-wisdom), while studying the contents of the Qur'an and Sunnah also conducted scientifically selected to distinguish which are valid Sunnah (authentic), hasan (allowed) or dhoif (sunnah false / sunnah which no origin).
In practice in Indonesia, such as the habit of some Muslims there were always read Al Qur'an Surah Yasin every Thursday night (Friday night) they were using hadiths dhoif (weak / no origin) who said that the surah Yasin's heart (his mother) Al Qur-an.
Another habit is a habit Tahlilan (read prayers and read the letter Yasin and meals) on day three, to seven and to 100 days or in 40 days or 1000 days after the death of the deceased family.
Though there is absolutely no command of the Qur'an and Sunnah regarding Tahlilal, even four Imams, Imam Syafei, Imam Malik, Imam Hanafi and Hanbali Imam and the Imam others citing the Koran and the Sunna condemned and banned the event Tahlilan (Kaul) who actually follow religious customs Hindu / animist.
So the scientific approach we can learn the Quran and Sunnah which practices the same worship and practiced according Prophet and His companions.
A lot of the Word of God and the Sunnah that advocate human study economics (trade) and political science, astronomy and other sciences.
Moreover, the Quran was first revealed (lowered) to the Prophet Muhammad is the surah Al Alaq,

Al Alaq 1-5

"Read it! With the name of your Lord who has created. "(Verse 1). In the first course, which is "read", has opened the first interest in the further development of this religion. Prophet told to read the revelation will be revealed to him that in the name of God, God has created.

Namely "Creating man from a clot." (Verse 2). Which ranks second after nuthfah, namely a plume of water that has been combined from the semen of men with seminal woman, who after 40 days, the water was transformed to be a blood clot, and from a blood clot that would later manifest as well as through 40 day, becomes a lump of flesh (Mudhghah).

The Prophet was not a good at reading. He is ummi, which may be interpreted illiterate, not very good at writing and reading are not too good at writing. But Jibril also urged to three times that he read. Although he was not good at writing, but the verses are taken directly by Gabriel him, taught, so that he can memorize by rote, with him it can therefore be read. God who created everything. Apostles are not good at writing and reading it will be clever later read verses revealed to him. So that when the revelations that have come down later, he will be named the Qur'an. And the Qur'an that means is reading. As if the Lord said: "Read, on qudrat Me and my Iradat."

Sheikh Muhammad Abduh in Tafsir Juzu 'Ammanya explained: "That is the Almighty God made man than semen, transformed to be a lump of blood, then become a full human being, undoubtedly has the power to inflict on a person's ability to read, which is known ummi, not good at reading and writing. So if we examine the content of the hadith that explains that the Prophet asked to read three times, three times as well, he replied honestly that he was not good at reading, three times also Gabriel hugged him hard, for convincing him that since that time it has no ability to read him , how much more he is Al-Insan al-Kamil, the perfect man. Many more are to be read later on. The important thing is that the basic need to know everything that will read it later nothing else is the name of God nevertheless. "

"Read it! And God is Exalted thee. "(Verse 3). Once in the first paragraph that he was told to read in the name of God who created man from a clot, forwarded again told him to read in the name of God. Being the name of the Lord is always to be taken so that the back of the living God is Exalted, Most Generous, loving and dear to His creatures.

"He who taught by the Pen." (Verse 4). That is the privilege of God it again. That is the highest glory. Which taught him to man the various sciences, opened his secrets, handed him the keys to opening the treasury of God, that with the Pen. With a pen! In addition to the tongue to read, God had ordained the pen also that the science can be recorded. Pena is frozen and rigid, not life, but written by the pen it is a variety of things that can be indoctrinated by a man "Teach man anything he does not know." (Verse 5).

Allah Ta'ala teach first man to use the Pen. After her clever use of science Qalam that many are given by God to him, so it can also he noted that newly acquired knowledge with existing Pen in hand:

"Science is like a game and writing are straps that game. Therefore, with a rope tie buruanmu unwavering. "

Then in the fifth paragraph of this arrangement, as the first verse down we descry with a brief word of the Lord has explained the origin of the whole human events that are all the same, that instead of a blood clot, which is derived from a lump of sperm.

And a wad of semen that comes from a fine sieve human food taken from the earth. Namely of hormones, calories, vitamins and other substances, which are all taken from the earth that's all there in vegetables, fruits and meat staple food. Then it grew large and mature man. The most important tool to connect itself with the surrounding human is the ability to speak with tongues, as the connection of what feels in his heart. Then increases also his intelligence, then given also the skill of writing.

In the first paragraph have been clear down the highest ratings to the versatility of reading and writing. Said Sheikh Muhammad Abduh in his commentary: "Do not come by the words a deeper and more perfect than the reason this verse in the stated interest of reading and writing in all branches of science and happy. With that first opened all the revelations that will go down in the back. "

So if Muslims do not get this verse instructions and they do not pay attention to the streets for the forward, tore the wrapping sheaths that cover all of their vision for it to science, or merampalkan door that had been locked so that they are locked in a dark room, because the tightly locked -erat by their nobles until they grope in the dark stupid, and that the opening paragraph of this revelation does not thrill them, then they will not get up again forever.

Ar-Razi describes in his commentary, that the two were told to read the first paragraph in the name of God who has created, is containing qudrat, and wisdom and knowledge and grace. Everything is God's nature. And in the next verse God states achieve instantaneous knowledge with the Pen or pen, is a sign that there are also among the law is written, which can not be indoctrinated if not listened carefully. So on the first two verses show Lordship secret, the secret of the Godhead. And in three subsequent paragraph contains confidential nubuwwat, Prophethood. And who God is not going to be known, if not by the hand of nubuwwat, and nubuwwat itself was not to be there, if not by the will of God.

God in his word in the Koran gives its blessings, including the provision treasure) breathe the air (oxygen) is fresh, the fish in the sea, the result of natural resources, such as petroleum, natural gas, gold, silver, wheat, and crop fields / paddy rice, wheat and corn to all sentient beings, whether human, or animal, and the Grace of God (sustenance) is given to a human being of various groups, race, ethnicity, language diversity, and diversity of skin color, whether they live along the equator and those who live at the South Pole, the North Pole, the continent of Asia, Continental Europe, the continent of Africa, Continent Australia, the Americas, and the nations that live in the ocean Pacific, and Indian oceans.
Also they are now embraced Islam, Catholicism, Protestantism, Hinduism, Buddhism, Shinto, Kong Fu Tse, Zorroaster, animism, and those who are not religious Communists (Atheists).
Sustenance portion (wealth) depends on the effort (effort) in their search for sustenance, whether acquired by provision of knowledge (both scientific knowledge, and empirical), as well as philosophy.
The higher the knowledge the more likely he gained Treasure (salary).
When a farmer planting rice / wheat using science bilologi for example, he can choose the seeds in order to harvest the farm more productive.
Science can be obtained in two ways, if the science world, can be obtained dibangku University (school / institute courses) or teachers who already have knowledge.
If the Science of Religion (Islam) Quran and Hadith to be gained by learning from both parents, the University (the school) as well as the Ustad (scholars).
The difference is that Science World, secular, are usually trying to find happiness the world alone.
While the Science of Religion, for happiness is not only the world but also the hereafter, because the science of religion (Quran and Hadith) could lead the world in order ikmu not deviate, such as not greedy in seeking wealth (wealth), no right of poor and good deeds of the majority n wealth we earn, and the science of the Quran also lead mankind that real life was not in the world (temporarily), but in the hereafter (in heaven or hell).
In searching for the treasure we are also guided to seek lawful possessions, not corruption, rob, and steal or rob the rights of others, eat also have to eat kosher food (except those forbidden such as pork, blood, carrion (carcass except fish) and merorok (sucking tobacco, Muhammadiyah fatwa Majelis Ulama Indonesia and Saudi Arabia smoking haram 'argument is based on the Quran and Hadith).
So Religious Science leads us to the treasure that we use it with blessings and happy.
How many rich people in the world, artists, singers richest in the world that actually lives less happy (stress) to end his life by suicide using drugs or sleeping pills (sedatives).
How many Muslims and that his property Moslem world just a little bit (just barely enough to eat and drink) but felt his heart happy and quiet life, ease of God given to him already a priceless treasure

Combine Islamic Science and the World Syar'i

Shaikh Abdur Rahman bin Nasir As-Sa'di rahimahullah

Many people are mistaken about the nature of science that is authentic, that science should be studied and searched. They pulled into two opinions, and the extreme opposite to each other. One of them is more dangerous than others.

The first opinion, the notion that science is limited to authentic science syar'i is only partially related to the improvement of faith, morals and worship, not all science shown by al-Qur'ân and as-Sunnah which includes the science syar'i and all the instrumentality of science and knowledge about the universe. This opinion comes from those who do not understand the shariah correctly. However, now began to look for ways maslahah and when he saw the many benefits of science about the universe, as well as most of them aware of the instructions of religious texts on the art.

Second opinion, an opinion that limit science on modern sciences are part of science. This opinion appears to result from their berpalingnya of religion, theology and akhlakya. This is clearly a very fatal mistake, which they make as an objective intermediary. They reject the authentic science and nature that is useful, if not shown by modern science altogether. They have been deceived by the various results of new discoveries. It is they who are meant in the word of Allah Almighty:

فلما جاءتهم رسلهم بالبينات فرحوا بما عندهم من العلم وحاق بهم ما كانوا به يستهزئون

And when it comes to them apostles (who was sent to) them by bringing ketarangan particulars, they were delighted with the knowledge that is on them and they were surrounded by the punishment of Allah Almighty that they always perolok fun of it. [Al-Ghafir / 40: 83]

They are proud of their knowledge, arrogant and insulting the science of the Apostles. As a result, they are overwritten torment their cynicism and threats given to the false apostles of Allah Almighty. They were tortured in the world with the closing of the heart, eyes and hearing them, so that they can not see the truth.

ولعذاب الآخرة أشد وأبقى

And indeed the punishment of the Hereafter is more severe and more lasting. [Taha / 20: 127]

وما كان لهم من الله من واق

And they do not have a patron of the punishment of Allah Subhanahu wa Ta'ala. [Ghafir / 40: 21]

The nature and the purpose with useful knowledge in the al-Qur'ân and as-Sunnah is the science that delivers all the lofty goal, which led to judge actions beneficial, there is no difference between science related to the world as well as those related to the afterlife. So, all of which lead people to the right path, can improve and increase moral theology and practice, then it is a science.

Science is divided into two: the objective and the means (intermediaries) which could lead to a goal.

The goal is all the science that improves the religion, while the means are all the science that supports the goals as the Arabic language sciences and other sciences, including the science about the universe that led ma'rifatullah (knowledge of Allah Almighty), knowledge of His unity and His perfection, also led to the knowledge of the truth to His Apostles. Other fruit is able to assist in worship and give thanks to Allah l, as well as assist in the enforcement of religion. For verily Allah Almighty has subjected the universe to us and Allah Almighty ordered us to think and try to dig into things that are useful, beneficial both religious as well as in the life of the world. And command to something meaningful orders to carry out what the object of the command and the command also to implement all the intermediaries and falsifies the order fulfillment.

It encourages us to know the natural sciences can be used to explore the benefits of all that has been subjected Allah Almighty to us. Because of the benefits and results will not be achieved without effort, thought and conduct research. Allah Almighty says:

وأنزلنا الحديد فيه بأس شديد ومنافع للناس

And We have created an iron that contained her great strength and a wide range of benefits to humans, [al-Hadid / 57: 25]

These benefits will not be achieved except by knowing the related sciences so that maximum results.

A lot of texts in the Qur'an and Sunnah which praised the science and the experts praised his knowledge and the need for more priority than any other scientist. Allah Almighty says:

قل هل يستوي الذين يعلمون والذين لا يعلمون

Is there the same people who know people who do not know? [Az-Zumar / 39: 9]

They are the ones who fear Allah Almighty and know Him

إنما يخشى الله من عباده العلماء

Indeed the fear of Almighty Allah among His servants, just scholars. [Fatir / 35: 28]

Allah Almighty ordered the people who do not know to ask the scientist.

Almighty Allah also commanded the Muslims to perform many types of worship and banned from all that is unclean. Commands and prohibitions can not be done except after having the knowledge and know. So the commands and prohibitions that shows the necessity of studying everything related to the command and prohibition itself. As well as Allah Almighty allow most mu'amalat (everything related to intraksi among humans) and forbids others. To do so means that we must be able to distinguish between mu'amalah are allowed and which are not allowed. Such classification can not be done except by knowledge. Almighty Allah denounced the people who do not know the limits that have been Allah Almighty sent down to the apostles in the Book and Sunnah.

Among the commands of Allah l is jihad in many verses command, and the command to prepare the power that can be done to deal with the enemy and take care of them. These commands will not be realized except by studying fighting techniques and weapons.

Allah Almighty also ordered to study trade and economic sciences, even Allah Almighty ordered to test the orphans are still small with so they know the science and commerce can work before entrusted with their personal belongings. Allah Almighty says:

وابتلوا اليتامى حتى إذا بلغوا النكاح فإن آنستم منهم رشدا فادفعوا إليهم أموالهم

And test the orphans until they reach the age of marriage. Then, when do you think they have an intelligent (smart maintain treasure), then hand over to them their wealth. [An-Nisa / 4: 6]

In the above verse, Allah Almighty is not ordered to hand over their property until it is known that they have the knowledge about how to manage property and know the science of trading.

This perfect Shari'a commands us to learn all kinds of useful knowledge; ranging from the science of Tawheed, Usûluddîn, science Jurisprudence and law, sciences Arabic, science and political economy, and sciences can to improve personal circumstances and society.

No useful knowledge in the world and in the hereafter unless it has been instructed and encouraged by this law. Thus, Plank in this religion religious sciences and natural sciences. Even sciences useful world can be inserted into a part of the science of religion.

As for those who exaggerated, they make science is limited to the portion of religious knowledge alone. Indeed, they have fallen into a fatal error.

Instead homage to the materialist, they perceive that true science is limited to natural science. They deny the other sciences, they diverge so that religion and their morals corrupted. The fruits of their science only products that arid, can not cleanse their mind and spirit, nor edify. Science them more harm than good future. They only benefit from the improvement of products and new discoveries alone, but they get the wretched of the two sides:

First, the science would be the biggest disaster for them and for humanity, because science was only brought destruction, war and destruction.

Second, with the knowledge that they have, they will become proud and arrogant that they dared to offend the science of the Apostles and judge actions of religion.

إن الذين يجادلون في آيات الله بغير سلطان أتاهم إن في صدورهم إلا كبر ما هم ببالغيه فاستعذ بالله إنه هو السميع البصير

Sesungguhhnya those who argue about the Signs of Allah without any reason up to them nothing in their breasts but only (desire for) the greatness that they occasionally will not achieve it, then ask for the protection of Allah. Indeed, He is All-Hearing, All-Seeing. [Ghafir / 40: 56]

فلما جاءتهم رسلهم بالبينات فرحوا بما عندهم من العلم وحاق بهم ما كانوا به يستهزئون

And when it comes to them apostles (who was sent to) them by bringing ketarangan particulars, they were delighted with the knowledge that is on them and they were surrounded by the punishment of Allah Almighty that they always perolok fun of it. [Al-Ghafir / 40: 83]

With the above description, we can know that useful knowledge in the world and in the hereafter is the science that comes from the book of Allah Almighty and the Sunnah of the Prophet n that includes a pseudo type of useful knowledge, there is no difference between the core science and science branch , nor theology and science quasi-equal world. As Islamic faith includes the obligation faith in all truth, faithful to the books that Allah Almighty sent down, and all the Apostles which Allâh Almighty sent. Walhamdulillâh

(Were raised from the book ad-Din as-Saheeh al-Jami'a Yahullu Masyakil)

[Copied from the magazine edition of As-Sunnah 12 / Year XVII / 1435H / 2014. Published Lajnah Foundation Istiqomah Surakarta, Jl. Solo - Solo Purwodadi Km.8 Selokaton Gondangrejo 57 183 Tel. 0271-858197 Fax 0271-858196]

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