The ride was not finished (336)
(Part three hundred and thirty-six), Depok, West Java, Indonesia, August 7, 2015, 14:55 pm).
Plan for the future education of children.
Every parent would want their children later would become salehah child (female) or pious (male).
Many parents put their children to school, public school, or pesantren (religious schools who enter and stay in the dormitory) from the beginning of their sons go to school.
With advances in facilities owned religious schools (pesantren) today protégé is also equipped with a variety of subjects other than science world scientific / empirical, but also the science of religion.
Such as computer science, mathematics, biology, agricultural science, trade science and theology, among others, the science of reading al-Qur'an and studying Hadith (Al Hikmah), as well as other science-related and beneficial to the students for their kindness to the provision happiness and safety of life in the world and the hereafter
Although life in the world is short (average 60 years) than in the hereafter (eternal), but we must prepare for the education of our children so that they will provide for good contribution to a living creatures in the world. In accordance with its requirements and speialisasi life in the world, there are children among us who aspire to be a doctor, merchant, architect, Ustad (religious teacher / scholars), or other professions, as long as it is justified profession of religion (al-Qur'an and Sunnah / Hadith / al-wisdom).
What is important lest we and our children live not to waste temporary and short in the world.
How short life in this world, only just now we are enjoying a honeymoon with his wife, now does not feel age is almost 60 years old, graying hair had turned white, bone began weak, the agency began to slouch, began sickly, the road was already using stick or seats wheels, whereas the honeymoon has just passed.
Now, because of the unfortunate sick, the body starts dying and waiting for death (mortality). Do not get us as God described in the letter Wal Asr:
Allah ta'ala says,
والعصر (1) إن الإنسان لفي خسر (2) إلا الذين آمنوا وعملوا الصالحات وتواصوا بالحق وتواصوا بالصبر (3)
"For the sake of time. Behold, the man really is in loss. Except those who believe and do charity Salih and admonish one another in order to obey the truth and exhort one another so that the honor of patience "(QS. Al 'Asr).
Surat Al 'Asr is a letter in the Qur'an that many memorized by the Muslims because it is short and easily memorized. Unfortunately, very few of the Muslims who can understand it. In fact, although this letter is short, but contains a very deep meaning. To the extent that Imam ash-Shafi'i rahimahullah said,
لو تدبر الناس هذه السورة لوسعتهم
"If any man contemplating this letter, surely it would be sufficient for them." [Tafsir Ibn Kathir 8/499].
Shaykh Muhammad bin Salih Al 'Uthaymeen rahimahullah said, "You mean the words of Imam Shafi'i is this letter has been enough for people to encourage them to adhere to the religion of God with faith, charity Salih, preaching to God, and the patience for that. He did not mean that the man is quite contemplate this letter without practicing throughout the shari'ah. Because a reasonable person when hearing or reading this letter, then he would strive to liberate themselves from losses by way of adorning themselves with the four criteria mentioned in this letter, which is faith, do good deeds, edify each other in order to establish the truth (da'wah) and mutual advised to be patient "[Sharh Usul Tsalatsatul].
Ruled faith with Science
In this letter, Allah Ta'ala explains that all humans really is in loss. Losses referred to in this paragraph may be absolute, meaning a loss in this world and in the hereafter, do not get pleasure and has the right to put in hell. It could be that he only suffered a loss of one hand only. Therefore, in this letter, Allah surely generalize that losses will be experienced by humans except those who have four criteria in the letter [Taisiir Karimir Rohmaan things. 934].
The first criterion, namely faith in God. And this faith will not be realized without science, because faith is the branch of science and faith will not be perfect if without science. Science in question is the science syar'i (theology). A Muslim obligatory (fard 'ayn) to study any science that is needed by a mukallaf in religious issues, such as the principles of Shari'ah-shari'ah faith and Islam, knowledge about the things that shall he stay away from such things are forbidden , what he needs in mu'amalah, and so forth. Prophet sallallaahu alaihi wa sallam said,
طلب العلم فريضة على كل مسلم
"Seeking knowledge is mandatory for every Muslim." (HR. Ibn Majah number 224 with a saheeh sanad).
Imam Ahmad rahimahullah said,
يجب أن يطلب من العلم ما يقوم به دينه
"A compulsory study that could make him able to establish the religion." [Al-Furu '1/525].
Then it is an obligation for every Muslim to learn the various religious matters that must he do, for example with regard to faith, worship, and muamalah. All the other not because of a basically do not know the essence of faith that he needs to climb the ladder of science to figure it out. Allah ta'ala says,
ما كنت تدري ما الكتاب ولا الإيمان ولكن جعلناه نورا نهدي به من نشاء من عبادنا
"Before you is not know whether the Quran nor know what is faith, but We made the Quran was light, which we guided him whom We will of Our servants." (Ash Syuura: 52).
A study does not say unless he intends earnest to practice the art. That is, one can change the knowledge that he had learned into a real behavior and reflected in thought and in action.
Therefore, how beautiful the words Fudhail bin 'Iyad Rahimahullah
لا يزال العالم جاهلا حتى يعمل بعلمه فإذا عمل به صار عالما
"A knowledgeable will remain a fool until he can apply their knowledge. When he put it into practice, then he became a pious "(Quoted from Hushul al-Ma'mul).
These words contain deep meaning, because if one has knowledge but does not want to practice it, then (in fact) he is a fool, because there is no difference between him and the fool, because he did not practice his knowledge.
Therefore, a knowledgeable but not charitable classified in that category are in a disadvantage, because it could be that science will actually turn sue. Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam said,
لا تزول قدما عبد يوم القيامة حتى يسأل عن علمه ما فعل به
, "A servant will not budge from its place on the Day of Judgment until he is asked about his knowledge, what has he amalkan of the art." (HR. Ad Darimi number 537 with a saheeh sanad).
Preaching to God
Preaching, invite people to Allah ta'ala, is the duty of the Apostles and the path of those who follow their tracks well. Allah ta'ala says,
قل هذه سبيلي أدعو إلى الله على بصيرة أنا ومن اتبعني وسبحان الله وما أنا من المشركين (108)
"Say," This is the (religious) me, me and the people who follow me invites (you) to God with real proof, Most holy God, and I'm not including people who are idolaters. "(Yusuf: 108).
Do not you ask about the primacy of preaching to the way of Allah. Consider the following word of Allah Ta'ala,
ومن أحسن قولا ممن دعا إلى الله وعمل صالحا وقال إنني من المسلمين
"Who is better words than those who called on God, do righteous good deeds, and says:" I am among those who surrender? "(QS. Fushshilat: 33).
Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam also said:
فوالله لأن يهدى بك رجل واحد خير لك من حمر النعم
By Allah, if God indeed give instructions to someone with intermediaries yourself, it's better for you than red camels "(HR. Bukhari number 2783).
Therefore, to contemplate the word of God and the word of the prophet above, should a while already know the truth, let him try to save the brother by getting them to understand and implement religion of Allah properly.
Very strange, if there are a group of people who have known the true Islam, but they are just busy with their personal affairs and "sit" without the slightest thought of this great missionary obligations.
In essence the negligent person would still be an obligation to preach in a loss even though he was among those who have knowledge and practice it. He is still in a loss because he is only concerned with the good of themselves (selfish) and do not want to think about how to alleviate the people from the abyss of ignorance of the religion. He did not want to think about how so that others can understand and implement the true Islamic teachings like himself. So that people who do not care about the missionary is a person who is unable to take heed of the words of the prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam,
لا يؤمن أحدكم حتى يحب لأخيه ما يحب لنفسه
"Not perfect faith of one of you, until he is happy when his brother also gained something he enjoys." (HR. Bukhari number 13).
If you feel happy with the guidance which God gives such pleasure to know Islam is true, then one of the characteristics of Islamic perfection that you have is that you actively participate in the activities of propaganda no matter how small the contribution that you provide.
Be patient in the Da'wa
The fourth criterion is to be patient for the disruption faced when called into the path of Allah Ta'ala. A preacher (caller) to the way of Allah must meet obstacles on the way of propaganda that he went through. This is because the preachers' calling on people to refrain from lust (lust), pleasure and customs of the people who menyelisihi shari'ah [Hushulul ma'mul things. 20].
Let the preacher to remember the word of Allah Ta'ala follows as solace when met with obstacles. Allah ta'ala says,
ولقد كذبت رسل من قبلك فصبروا على ما كذبوا وأوذوا حتى أتاهم نصرنا ولا مبدل لكلمات الله ولقد جاءك من نبإ المرسلين (34)
"And verily didustakan (also) apostles before thee, but they were patient with disbelieving and persecution (committed) against them, to come rescue Us against them" (Surah, Al-An'am: 34).
A preacher shall be patient in preaching and did not stop preaching. He had to be patient for any obstructions preaching and patient with a disorder that he met. Allah ta'ala mentions will Luqman to his son (which means),
"My son, steadfast in prayer and dispatch (humans) are doing good and forbid (them) from the evil deeds and patience with what happened to you. Verily it includes things that are required (by Allah) "(QS. Luqman: 17).
At the end of interpretation of Surah Al 'Asr this, Shaykh Abdurrahman As-Sa'di rahimahullah said,
فبالأمرين الأولين, يكمل الإنسان نفسه, وبالأمرين الأخيرين يكمل غيره, وبتكميل الأمور الأربعة, يكون الإنسان قد سلم تعل من الخسار, وفاز بالربح [العظيم]
"So with the first two (science and charity), humans can perfect itself. While the latter two things (preaching and patient), humans can enhance other people. And to enhance the four criteria, humans can survive the loss and gain huge profits "[Taisiir Karimir Rohmaan things. 934].
May God give us to enhance taufik four things, so that we can gain a huge advantage in this world, and more so in the hereafter. Ameen.
RULES-RULES AND CHOOSING BETWEEN maslahat harm
Ustadz Dr Erwandi Tarmidzi MA
Life filled with a choice between good and bad, between beneficiaries and mafsadat. And so a lot of rules syar'i which helps us to make a choice.
Here we summarize the rules in selecting explained by Shaykh al-Islam Ibn Taymiyyah rahimahullah.
This paper summarized on a dissertation on Usul Fiqh Department of Muhammad Ibn Saud Islamic University, Riyadh KSA.
RULES-RULES OF CHOOSING BETWEEN MASHLAHAT AND mudharat
مصلحة أداء الواجب أعظم من مفسدة الوقوع في الشبهة
Beneficiaries do things that must be greater than the mafsadat (damage due to) fall in syubhat
Syubhat is a matter that is between the unclean and the permissible. When syubhat contrary to abandon mandatory and demanding conditions we have to make a choice between leaving things required or fall in doubtful. Under these conditions, the option taken is to do things that are required though to be mired in doubtful things.
However, if the conflict was between doubtful and illegitimate the option taken is doubtful that do not fall into the forbidden, because mafsadat (damage) the unlawful heavier.
1. A person who is invited by relatives to attend the maker walimah event syubhat walimah own property. And which invited worried when she did not come will lead to the dissolution of relationships relatives (silaturrahim) then the options are obliged him to attend. Because strengthen silaturrahim obligatory, while not present simply because there are doubtful.
2. A person who died and had debts to other parties and possessions left behind are treasures choice shall be of doubtful debts paid out of property doubtful, since beneficiaries repay the debt is greater than the mafsadat (damage) property doubtful.
ما كان محرما لسد الذريعة أبيح للمصلحة الراجحة
Something that is anathema to the purpose sadduz zarî'ah be allowed if there is a strong maslahat
The whole act is often deliver to the unlawful act, then such actions are prohibited. But sometimes, these forbidden acts that have such strong beneficiaries intent (needs), the law can be allowed.
In this case there are two options between the beneficiaries and the great harm that often occur. Under these conditions, the choice fell to perform such actions as greater maslahatnya.
In such cases, a jurist should have sufficient ability to figure out which acts are prohibited by cause potentially deliver to the things forbidden and what is forbidden to cause substance. For the former, the illegitimate law could turn out to be allowed if there is a strong beneficiaries. As for the second, which is forbidden by reason of substance, then the law can not be changed illicit by reason of their beneficiaries.
1. Looking at non-mahram woman is haraam. However, this law could turn out to be illegitimate if there should be big beneficiaries as someone who wants to woo a woman. This man looked at the woman who would biperbolehkan dipinangnya.
2. Basically every thing vanity legal neglect. Because it can seize the attention so do not do useful things. This is one of the reasons that led to an act forbidden. However, some forms of neglect things that are sometimes useful to reject the greater harm. When these conditions, then this action is permissible and even encouraged.
Example: The Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam allow women and children singing (without music) in the event walimah and feast.
Note: this song is certainly not intended to be a means of propaganda taqarrub to Allah Almighty. Because of these actions are still in the realm of things that neglect, but allowed because there is a strong benefit.
ما حرم مطلقا لم تبحه الضرورة, وما حرم أكله وشربه لم يبح إلا لضرورة, وما حرم مباشرته ظاهرا أبيح للحاجة
Something that is absolutely forbidden then no one can allow it though emergency. Something that is forbidden to eat or drink then an emergency may be allowed to change the law. Something that is forbidden to use directly the intent may allow it
Something that is forbidden by Allah Almighty absolute like the things described by Allah Almighty in His word:
قل إنما حرم ربي الفواحش ما ظهر منها وما بطن والإثم والبغي بغير الحق وأن تشركوا بالله ما لم ينزل به سلطانا وأن تقولوا على الله ما لا تعلمون
Say (O Muhammad), "Rabbku only forbidden heinous act (adultery), whether visible or hidden, and sin, violate human rights without right, (forbidden) to Allah with something that Allah did not lower the proof for it and (forbidden) forges against Allah what you do not know. " [Al-Araf / 7: 33]
Four were forbidden by Allah Almighty in this paragraph will not change the law to be "allowed" under any circumstances due to pure mafsadatnya, namely; adultery, injustice, shirk and fetched the name of Allah Almighty.
Except in the circumstances one is forced to do so under the threat of the sin abolished. As in the word of Allah Almighty:
من كفر بالله من بعد إيمانه إلا من أكره وقلبه مطمئن بالإيمان ولكن من شرح بالكفر صدرا فعليهم غضب من الله ولهم عذاب عظيم ڈ
Whoever disbelieved in Allah after he has faith (she will get the wrath of Allah), except those who were forced to disbelieve but their hearts remain calm in the believers (he is innocent). but the man who paved his chest for disbelief, then the wrath of God fell on him and for him a great torment. [An-Nahl / 16: 106]
As for something that is forbidden in the form of food or destructive mind or body that can sometimes change the law to be "allowed" in emergency situations, based on the word of Allah Almighty:
قل لا أجد في ما أوحي إلي محرما على طاعم يطعمه إلا أن يكون ميتة أو دما مسفوحا أو لحم خنزير فإنه رجس أو فسقا أهل لغير الله به فمن اضطر غير باغ ولا عاد فإن ربك غفور رحيم
Say, "Tiadalah I get in the revelation revealed to me, things that are forbidden for people who want to eat it, unless the food is carrion, or blood flow or pork, because actually all that dirty, or animals slaughtered in the name of other than Allah. Whoever is in a state of forced, while he does not want it and not (also) exceeds the limit, then surely your Lord is Forgiving, Merciful "[al-An'am / 6: 145]
As for something that is forbidden to wear gold and silk for men so that even if there is no intent to emergency conditions remain permissible, as the Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam allow Rahman bin Auf radi anhu wearing silk suffering from skin diseases (itch).
This Rule Application:
1. A woman should not fornicate with the reasons for foraging. Because adultery is not allowed at any time even if he died of starvation. However, he allowed scavenged if indeed in a state of starvation.
2. In an emergency that is expected to lead to the death if not treated with drugs that eat or drink other than those made from raw material forbidden, such as pork and its derivatives or wine and derivatives, it is permissible to take the medicine.
كل عبادة كان ضررها أعظم من نفعها نهي عنها
Every worship mudharatnya greater than the benefits then worship is banned
Basically, a worship that is prescribed to bring serious benefits or realize (goodness) and refused harm. However, in certain conditions such worship can bring harm, mudharatnya even greater when compared with the benefits. When like this, then worship is forbidden.
1. In principle, the prayer is worship Allâh loved ones, but at the time of sunrise and sunset prayers are forbidden to set up. Because larger mudharatnya that resembles worship the sun worshipers. So also with prayers at the cemetery is forbidden because preventing mudharatnya kesyirikan greater than circumcision prayer.
2. If a kemungkaran can not dihilankgan except with kemungkaran larger or heavier than the evils that were the case, then eliminate the evils in this way forbidden. For example: someone who ordered a kindness while he had no knowledge of such kindness, then kemudharatan that he caused a greater than beneficiaries who wants to deny the kemungkaran.
فرق بين ما يفعله الإنسان في نفسه, ويأمر به, ويبيحه, وبين ما يسكت عن نهي غيره وتحريمه عليه
The difference between a person apply their knowledge and encourage others to practice it with something that is practiced other people and she does not prohibit or forbid it. (Majmoo Fataawa, 14/472)
The basic principle that good is good and bad is bad. And Shari'a law does not allow someone did a bad thing and forbidden. However, if it is known with certainty that if there is someone who if he is prohibited from doing something unjust then he would leave the obligatory actions greater, then he should not be banned for doing the kemungkaran.
As Radhiyaallahu anhu Umar bin Khattab raised portion of people who are not employees of either religion with the consideration that the employee is greater maslahatnya for the job and then he restored the religion of the person with the power and justice.
Then this rule is very important that "the difference between a pious leaving a deed by prohibiting people perform an action if such restrictions are in greater harm to he allowed the act". That is an alim who silenced a good deed that does not mean he's not approve or authorize such actions.
In this case the conditions will vary according to the benefit that weighed by a pious. Perhaps on one occasion he was obliged to declare that the act was forbidden; either by way of explaining the legal or personal attitude or expectation that the act left or by explaining their argument. This can be seen in the attitude of the Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam against kemungkaran; sometimes he sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam angry, sometimes he sallallaahu' alaihi wa sallam forgive.
Because we live where most Muslims are so far away from the teachings of their religion, stir to mix between good and kemungkaran, the attitude to be taken by someone who wanted to save him is:
a. Always trying to cling to practice sunnah, both inner Zahir and for themselves, their families and the people closest.
b. Inviting people to do his best sunna. If he found someone practicing mixed action between good and bad and when reminded to leaving the poor most likely he will do something worse, then let the warning to be careful in weighing where greater harm and maslahatnya.
People who embraced Islam through preaching heresy better than they are in disbelief, but if possible to be moved to the correct path is certainly better.
Syaikul Islam Ibn Taymiyyah rahimahullah in Majmoo Fataawa 3/286 explained that someone who was in a Muslim community are required to conduct Friday prayers, join prayers with them, loyal to them and not against them even though he did not approve of heresy or immoral acts they are doing. And should he be silent if not able to explain it to them.
Most wealthy decorate mosques with expensive ornaments, although it is makruh but it is better than the wealthy to shift their funds immoral deeds. (Ikhtiyârât, p. 137)
مفسدة المحرم أرجح من مصلحة المستحب
Unlawful act greater harm than maslahat act mustahab (circumcision) (See Minhaj Sunnah 4/154
A circumcision practice that would constitute unlawful actions, then such actions are no longer circumcised but turned into unlawful acts.
Al-Qur'ân read aloud circumcised but if the cause disturbance to others, then such actions be prohibited.
Touching and kissing the Black Stone was circumcised, but if the cause kemudharatan with jostling, elbowing others, mixed between men and women, then the practice be prohibited.
[Copied from As-Sunnah magazine Special Edition 11 / Year XVII / 1435H / 2014M. Published Lajnah Foundation Istiqomah Surakarta, Jl. Solo - Solo Purwodadi Km.8 Selokaton Gondangrejo 57 773 Tel. 0271-858197 Fax 0271-858196]