The ride was not finished (340)
(Part three hundred and forty), Depok, West Java, Indonnesia, August 10, 2015, 19:38 pm).
Sunnah prayers shortfalls obligatory prayers.
Sunnah prayers usually often forgotten by us are super busy searching the world (treasure), sometimes dawn had gone to the office and back home evenings (even early morning (midnight).
Because super busy looking for the world, which is endless and we are always lacking continues, moreover we do not pay zakat of wealth we earn, then the treasure that we get no blessing and everything will be judged on the day of Judgment.
In these circumstances it is super busy we sometimes forget the obligatory prayers, well because a lot of the obligatory prayers which we leave (maybe we are too busy, too many nightclubs like watching football so forget the obligatory prayer time, then the words of the Prophet Muhammad is now while we live (breathing ) bertaubatlah us (ask forgiveness of Allah) for failing us, and begin to multiply sunnah prayers.
Shaikh Abdullah bin Abdul al-Azhim Khalafi
From Abu Hurayrah radi anhu, the Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam said:
إن أول ما يحاسب به العبد يوم القيامة من عمله صلاته, فإن صلحت فقد أفلح وأنجح, وإن فسدت فقد خاب وخسر, فإن انتقص من فريضة شيئا, قال الرب تبارك وتعالى: انظروا هل لعبدي من تطوع, فيكمل به ما انتقص من الفريضة ثم يكون سائر عمله على نحو ذلك.
"Indeed, the practice was first brought to account from a servant on the Day of Judgment is prayer. If prayer is good, then he's lucky and selamatlah. However, if it is broken, then the losers and woe to him. If the obligatory prayers None the less, the Rabb the Glorified and Exalted said, 'Look, if my servant has a sunnah prayers.' If he has a sunnah prayers, the prayer is obligatory to pray sunna was refined by. Then the whole practice of obligatory dihisablah as before. "
B. disunnahkan Do It at Home
Jabir, he said that the Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam said:
إذا قضى أحدكم الصلاة في مسجده فليجعل لبيته نصيبا من صلاته, فإن الله جاعل في بيته من صلاته نورا
"If one of you has prayed at the mosque, then let him give prayers for his home rations. Because God made the light in his house through his prayer. "
Of Zaid bin Thabit radi anhu, the Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam said:
عليكم بالصلاة في بيوتكم, فإن خير صلاة المرء في بيته إلا الصلاة المكتوبة.
"Work on prayer (sunnah) in your home. Because the best of one's prayer is done in house except for the obligatory prayers. "
C. Various kinds
Sunnah prayers there are two parts: muthlaqah and muqayyadah
Muthlaqah is known as the sunnah rawatib, which is done before and after the obligatory prayers. It consists of two parts: muakkadah (emphasized) and ghairu muakkadah (not emphasized).
1. Prayer Sunnah muakkadah ten raka'at
From Ibn 'Umar radi anhuma, he said, "I remember ten raka'at of the Prophet sallallaahu' alaihi wa sallam: two rak'ahs before noon, and two rak'ahs afterwards. Two rak'ahs after Maghrib, two rak'ahs after 'Isha', and two rak'ahs before Fajr prayer. At that moment the Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa salalm do not want to be met. Radi anhuma Hafsah told me that if mu-adzin azan and dawn (the second) have been published, he prayed two rak'ah. "
Of 'Aisha radi anhuma, "Once the Prophet sallallaahu' alaihi wa sallam never left four rak'ahs before Dhuhr prayer and two rak'ahs before Fajr prayer." 
2. Prayers Sunnah ghairu muakkadah: Two rak'ahs before praying 'Asr, Maghrib and' Isha '.
From 'Abdullah bin Mughaffal radi anhu, the Prophet sallallaahu' alaihi wa sallam said:
بين كل أذانين صلاة, بين كل أذانين صلاة, ثم قال في الثالثة: لمن شاء.
"In between the two Adhan (the call to prayer and iqamat-ed.) No prayer, in between the two there is prayer to prayer." Then he said the third time, "For anyone who wanted it." 
Disunnahkan to keep four rak'ahs before praying 'Asr
From 'Ali radi anhu, he said, "Once the Prophet sallallaahu' alaihi wa sallam used to do prayer four rak'ahs before praying 'Asr. He separates the last rak'ah-rak'ah by saying hello to the Angels muqarrabiin (who brought near to God), and who follow them both from the Muslims and the believers. "
From Ibn 'Umar radi anhuma, the Prophet sallallaahu' alaihi wa sallam, he said:
رحم الله امرأ صلى قبل العصر أربعا.
"May Allah have mercy on those who pray four rak'ahs before 'Asr." 
Reading a news story of the Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam in most of these prayers
Of 'Aisha radi anhuma, he said that the Prophet sallallaahu' alaihi wa sallam once said:
نعمت السورتان يقرأ بهما في ركعتين قبل الفجر, قل هو الله أحد, وقل يآ أيها الكافرون.
"Two of the most well-read letters in two rak'ah before Shubuh is qul huwallaahu Munday (al-Ikhlas) and qul yaa Ayyuhal Kaafiruun (al-Kaafiruun). 
From Abu Hurairah Radhiyalllahu 'anhu, he said, "The Prophet sallallaahu' alaihi wa sallam read yaa qul Ayyuhal Kaafiruun (al-Kaafiruun) and qul huwallaahu Munday (al-Ikhlas) in two rak'ah before Fajr." 
From Ibn 'Abbaas anhuma, "At dawn the two rak'ah sunnah prayers, the Prophet sallallaahu' alaihi wa sallam never read: quuluu aamannaa billaahi wa maa unzila ilainaa, namely paragraph in the letter al-Baqarah in the first rak'ah. And in the last rak'ah: aamannaa billaahi wasyhad bi annaa muslimuun. " (Al 'Imran: 52).
From Ibn Mas'ud radi anhu, he said, "I can not count how many times I heard the Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam read: Qul yaa Ayyuhal Kaafiruun (al-Kaafiruun) and qul huwallaahu Munday (al-Ikhlas) on two raka' at after Maghrib and two rak'ahs before Fajr prayer. "
Qiyamul Lail (night prayer)
Shaikh Abdullah bin Abdul al-Azhim Khalafi
Salah night including a highly recommended sunnah. It includes the characteristics of those who fear Him. Allah says:
إن المتقين في جنات وعيونآخذين ما آتاهم ربهم إنهم كانوا قبل ذلك محسنين كانوا قليلا من الليل ما يهجعون وبالأسحار هم يستغفرون وفي أموالهم حق للسائل والمحروم
"Indeed, those who fear are in the gardens (Paradise) and in spring-springs, taking what was given to them by their Lord. Indeed, they were before that in the world are the ones who do good; They're a little sleep at night; And in the late evening they begged forgiveness (to Allah). And in their wealth there is a right to ask the poor people and poor people who have no part. "[Adh-Dzaariyaat: 15-19]
Of Abu Malik al-Ash'ari radi anhu, from the Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam, he said:
إن في الجنة غرفا يرى ظاهرها من باطنها وباطنها من ظاهرها, أعدها الله تعالى لمن أطعم الطعام, وألان الكلام, وأدام الصيام, وصلى بالليل والناس نيام.
"Verily in Paradise there are rooms visible from the exterior and the interior visible from the outside. Allah Ta'ala provide it for those who like to feed, soften the words, always fasted, and prayer night when people sleep. "
A. The recommended In the Month of Ramadan
From Abu Hurayrah radi anhu, he said, "The Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam advocated night prayers during Ramadan without giving orders require. Then he said:
من قام رمضان إيمانا واحتسابا غفر له ما تقدم من ذنبه.
"Whoever night prayers during Ramadan with faith and expecting reward from Allah, his sins diampunilah that has past." 
B. Numbers Raka'atnya
At least one rak'ah. And at most eleven rak'ah. As already mentioned in the words of 'Aisha radi anhuma, "the Prophet sallallaahu' alaihi wa sallam never prayed more than eleven rak'ahs, whether during Ramadan or outside of Ramadan."
C. Disyari'atkan Do it in congregation during the month of Ramadan
Of 'Aisha radi anhuma, "One night, the Prophet sallallaahu' alaihi wa sallam praying in the mosque. Then people praying with his prayer. On the following night he pray again and people are increasingly. They then gathered on the third or fourth night, but the Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam did not come out to meet them. When morning came, he said:
قد رأيت الذي صنعتم, ولم يمنعني من الخروج إليكم إلا أني خشيت أن تفرض عليكم.
'I saw what you were doing. There is nothing to stop me out to meet you. It's just that I'm afraid that if the prayer is obligatory upon you. '
It was in the month of Ramadan. "
From 'Abdurrahman al-Qari, he said, "On one night in Ramadan, I went out with' Umar ibn al-Khattab radi anhu towards the mosque. Apparently the people divided into several groups. There is a man who prays alone, and there is also a prayer followed by a few people. Then 'Umar said, "I thought, if I gathered them under one reciter' (priest), surely it would be better. Then he made up his mind and gather them under Ubay ibn Ka'b. On one night I went out with him while other people were praying together with their priests. 'Umar said,' This is the best of heresy (new cases). However, people who sleep at the moment is better than praying '-maksudnya, pray at the end of the night is all right because at that time people do it early in the evening. "
D. disunnahkan To Someone Salah wife (Family) Outside Ramadan Month
From Abu Sa'id, he said that the Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam said:
إذا أيقظ الرجل أهله من الليل فصليا -أو صلى ركعتين جميعا- كتبا من الذاكرين الله كثيرا والذاكرات.
"If a man woke his wife at night, then they pray-or prayed two rak'ahs in berjama'ah-, Allah recorded them as the servants of men and women who remember Allah much." 
E. make up the Night Prayer
Of 'Aisha radi anhuma, he said, "In the past, when the Prophet sallallaahu' alaihi wa sallam did not work night prayers due to illness or other reasons, then he prays twelve rak'ahs in the afternoon." 
From 'Umar ibn al-Khattab, he said that the Prophet sallallaahu' alaihi wa sallam said:
من نام عن حزبه من الليل أو عن شيء منه فقرأه ما بين صلاة الفجر وصلاة الظهر كتب له كأنما قرأه من الليل.
"One who is asleep so do not read the wird (prayer) at night it or part of it, then read (implement) it in the time between prayer and prayer Shubuh noon, then noted as he read it at night." 
F. Dimakruhkan Leaving Night Prayer Has Been Used To Do It
From 'Abdullah bin' Amr bin al-`As, he said, "The Messenger sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam said to me:
يا عبد الله لا تكن مثل فلان, كان يقوم الليل فترك قيام الليل.
"O 'Abdullah, do not like so and so. In the past he used to do the prayers at night, now he is dead-the night prayer." 
[Copied from the book of Al-Sunnah wal Wajiiz FII Fiqhis Kitaabil Aziiz, Author Shaikh Abdul Azhim bin Badawai al-Khalafi, Indonesia Guide Fiqh Complete Edition, Translator Team Tashfiyah LIPIA - Jakarta, Ibn Kathir Reader Publishers, Printed in Ramadan 1428 - September 2007M]