Unfinished journey (241)
(Part two hundred and forty-one, Depok, West Java, Indonesia, March 17, 2015, 1:39 pm)
Robber, drug and zakat
When I and my wife right middle CNG three-wheeler ride on the street in front of the market Senen, Central Jakarta towards R Suprapto, Cempaka Putih street suddenly came from the left side, the right location of the seat of my wife, a young man who was riding a bicycle motorcycle.
The young man who sat behind Visible tried to seize the bag that held my wife, apparently young, lively called this robber tried to snatch the bag containing the money for treatment.
My wife tried to maintain the bag, assisted me with all his might, though my body is weak middle, knowing suffering a stroke.
After fighting each other, failed robber robs my wife's purse, which maintains the bag until his arm scratched due to straps wrapped around the bag.
That picture of the streets in Jakarta, which has long been always filled with the robber (Marauder / pickpocket), which is a lot of wandering on the streets of Jakarta.
Later, the police are now rife massive raid against robber operating throughout Indonesia.
The police effort is commendable, because they are obliged to maintain public safety.
However, this police efforts will be in vain if the root of the problems that arise causing the rise of the robber.
There was a robber, from Lampung operating and arrested in Central Jakarta, who confessed to the robber dozen times.
He admitted previously to Jakarta just want to find a job, because the long-term unemployed.
When they arrived in Jakarta and make friends with other unemployed workers who worked as a robber, this new profession eventually follow.
Regardless of the Central Bureau of Statistics, in fact one of the real indication of the high level of unemployment in Indonesia is increasingly rampant robber, so unemployment and poverty correlates with Begal, and it became one of the real size, which is difficult to be hidden by anyone, including inaccuracies various data reports statistics on unemployment and poverty in Indonesia.
So not only emergency drugs are a challenge for President Joko Widodo, but emergency robber, unemployment and poverty are increasingly making robber increasingly prevalent and difficult to eradicate drug kimpin. Moreover, purchasing power is getting weaker due to soaring food prices (rice) and the soaring value of the US dollar against the rupiah.
Try asking each Begal, seller / drugs kimpin, what causes them to sell drugs, surely the answer is economic pressure load (poverty) because of unemployment, as well as drug users, are mostly young men who are frustrated long-term unemployed.
Apparently, the government alone can not address the issue of emergency work is given the limitations of human and financial resources, so the government should take advantage of other institutions such as the Council of Ulema and scholars and community leaders to motivate the community to solve the problem on their own, without being too dependent on government powers .
But the government's obligation is to motivate people to be more productive and able to change their own destiny.
One institution must in efektifkan is Gatherer Institute of Zakat. If necessary energy provided and paid by the government. Why charities, institutions, because these institutions can be more effective than government tax agency.
If you pay taxes to the government limited liability taxpayer to the government, and if renege (not pay) exposed to criminal penalties. If Zakat direct responsibility of each individual to God and the consequences of being tortured in the hereafter and doom in the world, in the form of collapsible sustenance if reluctant to pay zakat and tortured in hell if renege (refusing to pay).
Moreover the majority of Indonesian are Muslim population, tax payers, the unemployed, the poor, the robber and drug dealer certainly also the majority. The majority of drug users were 5.5 million people who cause every day 50 peoples died in vain Muslim majority.
The charity funds if managed properly, can certainly create many new jobs.
No-interest loans to fishermen to buy boats and nets, the farmers to buy seed corn, rice, soybeans, sweet potatoes, cassava, capital for garment makers, capital for the cake maker circumference, small itinerant traders, the pengojek be able to buy a motorcycle , Bajaj BBG, capital breeders, fish plantations, artisan selling herbs, fried chicken merchants and others.
Most other for loans for courses or schools to be replaced (in installments) if the person concerned has worked.
Just do not let none of our youth are unemployed. If everything is working and productive government that utilizes the result of increased taxpayer and charity, so there is the effect of a continuous spiral rolling, if the tax increase, the amount of taxes soar and Budget will be able to increase the budget to build the infrastructure of various sectors, including being able to buy a fishing boat large refrigerated, buy a lot of coast guard vessels that fish in our oceans are not a lot of stolen foreign fishermen and most of the state funds are not exhausted just pay the salaries of government officials and members of the House of Representatives / D only.
Position Zakat In Islam
Shaykh Abdul Azhim bin Abdullah al-Khalafi
Zakat is one of the pillars of Islam and one of its obligations. From Ibn 'Umar radi anhuma, he said that the Prophet sallallaahu' alaihi wa sallam said:
بني الإسلام على خمس, شهادة أن لا إله إلا الله وأن محمدا رسول الله, وإقام الصلاة, وإيتاء الزكاة, وحج البيت, وصيام رمضان.
"Islam is founded on five principles, which bear witness that there is no god has the right diibadahi correctly but Allah and Muhammad is the Messenger of Allah, establish the prayer, issued alms, pilgrimage to the House, and fasting in Ramadan." 
And has been mentioned in tandem with a prayer in the eighty-two verses.
Prompts To Eject Zakat
Allah the Exalted says:
خذ من أموالهم صدقة تطهرهم وتزكيهم بها وصل عليهم إن صلاتك سكن لهم والله سميع عليم
"Take alms of their wealth in order to cleanse and purify them, and berdo'alah to them. Indeed do'amu it (grow) peace for their souls. Allah is Hearer, Knower. "[At-Tawbah: 103]
And also his word Exalted:
وما آتيتم من ربا ليربو في أموال الناس فلا يربو عند الله وما آتيتم من زكاة تريدون وجه الله فأولئك هم المضعفون
"And something riba (optional) that you give that human wealth increases, so do not grow in God's sight. And what you give in the form of zakat you mean to earn the pleasure of Allah, then that is people who multiply (reward). "[Ar-Rum: 39]
It was narrated from Abu Hurayrah radi anhu, he said, "The Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam said:
من تصدق بعدل تمرة من كسب طيب ولا يقبل الله إلا الطيب, فإن الله يتقبلها بيمينه ثم يربيها لصاحبها كما يربى أحدكم فلوه حتى تكون مثل الجبل.
"Those who give alms to the size of a palm seed from a lawful source, and God does not accept except from good sources, then Allah accept alms with his right hand, and then develop it to the charity of God as one of ka-ian developing colt , until finally (reward) to be like a mountain. "
Threats For Those Who Will not Eject Zakat
Allah the Exalted says:
ولا يحسبن الذين يبخلون بما آتاهم الله من فضله هو خيرا لهم بل هو شر لهم سيطوقون ما بخلوا به يوم القيامة ولله ميراث السماوات والأرض والله بما تعملون خبير
"And let not those hunks with treasures that God has given them of His bounty think that it is good for their stinginess. Actually stinginess that is bad for them. Bakhilkan treasure they would draped around his neck later in the day of Judgment. And Allah belong all legacy (existing) in the heavens and on earth. And Allah knows what you do. "[Ali 'Imran: 180]
It was narrated from Abu Hurayrah radi anhu, that the Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam said:
من آتاه الله مالا فلم يؤد زكاته, مثل له يوم القيامة شجاعا أقرع له زبيبتان يطوقه يوم القيامة, ثم يأخذ بلهزمتيه -يعنى شدقيه- ثم يقول: أنا كنزك, أنا مالك, ثم تلا هذه الآية: ولا يحسبن الذين يبخلون بما آتاهم الله من فضله
"He who is given the gift of property by God and he does not fulfill zakat, then on the Day of Resurrection his wealth in the future will be realized in the form of a snake that has two can then worn around his neck, and the snake was biting two bones of the lower jaw, and said , 'I am the mistress treasure.' "Then the Prophet read the verse," And let not those hunks with treasures that God has given them of His bounty think ... '"
And also the word of God:
والذين يكنزون الذهب والفضة ولا ينفقونها في سبيل الله فبشرهم بعذاب أليم يوم يحمى عليها في نار جهنم فتكوى بها جباههم وجنوبهم وظهورهم هذا ما كنزتم لأنفسكم فذوقوا ما كنتم تكنزون
"... And those who hoard gold and silver, and not menafkahkannya in the way of Allah, then Tell them very painful torment. On the day of the gold is heated pe-shelf was in Hell, and burnt forehead which they lived, stomach and their backs (and said) to me-them, 'This is your treasure that you keep for yourselves, so taste now (as a result of ) what you keep. '"[At-Tawbah: 34-35]
It was narrated from Abu Hurayrah radi anhua, he said that the Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam said:
ما من صاحب ذهب ولا فضة لا يؤدى منها حقها إلا إذا
كان يوم القيامة, صفحت له صفائح من نار فأحمي عليها في نار جهنم فيكوى بها جنبه وجبينه وظهره, كلما بردت أعيدت له, في يوم كان مقداره خمسين ألف سنة, حتى يقضى بين العباد, فيرى سبيله إما إلى الجنة وإما إلى النار. قيل: يا رسول الله! فالإبل? قال: ولا صاحب إبل لايؤدى منها حقها, ومن حقها حلبها يوم وردها إلا إذا كان يوم القيامة بطح لها بقاع قرقر أوفر ماكانت لا يفقد منها فصيلا واحدا تطؤه بأخفافها وتعضه بأفواهها, كلما مرعليه أولاها رد عليه أخراها في يوم كان مقداره خمسين ألف سنة, حتى يقضى بين العباد فيرى سبيله إما إلى الجنة وإما إلى النار.
"It is a treasure that has deposits of gold and silver, and he did not fulfill their zakat, then on the day of Judgment will be laid for him the plates of metal from hell that has been heated in Hell, then the slab disetrikakan in the stomach, forehead and back. When was cold, the slab was reheated. This happened on the same day as the length of fifty thousand years, until the day of judgment among the servants, after which he will see his way, whether to heaven or to hell. There were asked, 'O Messenger of Allah, what about those who have a camel?' He replied, 'So it is with those who have a camel and not fulfill its obligations, and including of obligations to be issued is milked milk when milking period, then Judgement day later spread to those field collected him all that he had of the animal, to which was weaned, and all the animals were stepping on and took a bite, when the first has been passed by the next resume. This happened on the same day as the length of fifty thousand years, until the time when the day of judgment among the servants, after which he will see his way, whether to heaven or to hell. '"
Legal Persons Not Eject Zakat
Zakat is one of the obligations that have been agreed upon by the scholars and has been known by all the people, so he is one of the fundamental things in religion, which if any one of the Muslims who deny its obligations, then he has been out of Islam and killed in the pagan state, unless he new to Islam, then he dimaaf-right due to ignorance of the law.
As for those who do not want to remove it with still believes to be his duty, then he is a sinner because of his attitude, but this does not remove it from Islam and a judge (ruler) should take by force zakat  and half of his property as a punishment for his actions. It is based on the hadith Bahz bin Hakim, from his father, from his grandfather, he said, "I have heard Ra-sulullah sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam said:
في كل إبل سائمة, في كل أربعين ابنة لبون, لا يفرق إبل عن حسابها, من أعطاها مؤتجرا فله أجرها, ومن منعها فإنا آخذوها وشطر ماله عزمة من عزمات ربنا تبارك وتعالى, ولا يحل لآل محمد منها شئ.
"At every 40 camels were released to feed themselves, zakat is a bintu labun (children aged camel in its third year). It should not be separated from the herd camels to reduce calculation zakat. Whoever took it with the hope of reward, then he will get a reward, and anyone who refuses to remove it, then we will take it and half his property because it is one of the obligations of God. And zakat is not kosher to be eaten by the family of Muhammad in the slightest. "
If a nation refuses to release it when they still believed their obligations and they have the power to prohibit people picked it up from them, then they must be fought until they remove it, based on the words of the Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam:
أمرت أن اقاتل الناس حتى يشهدوا أن لا إله إلا الله وأن محمدا رسول الله, ويقيموا الصلاة ويؤتوا الزكاة, فإذا فعلوا ذلك عصموا منى دماءهم وأموالهم إلا بحق الإسلام وحسابهم على الله.
"I am commanded to fight against people till they testify that there is no God willing entitled diibadahi correctly but Allah and Muhammad is the Messenger of Allah, establish prayer, and pay zakat. If they had done that, then they have to protect the blood and his property from me except for a right (law) of Islam, being-the reckoning them back to God. "
And from Abu Hurayrah radi anhu, he said, "When the Prophet had died, and then during the caliphate of Abu Bakr, some Arabs have disbelieve (at the time of Abu Bakr wanted to fight them), then 'Umar said to him,' How would you combat human beings? Though the Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam has said,' I have been ordered to fight the people until they say there is no God who is entitled diibadahi correctly except Allah. And whoever said it, then he has to protect the treasure and his soul from me except for Islamic rights and reckoning them back to God. "Then Abu Bakr said, 'By Allah, I will fight anyone who differentiate between prayer and charity, true charity is rights taken from the property. By Allah, if they stop me from taking a young female goats when they first turn it over to the Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam, surely I will fight them because their attitude is.' Then 'Umar said,' By Allah, after Allah enlarges the heart of Abu Bakr to fight against them, then I believe the truth of this matter. '"
Removing Compulsory Zakat Who?
Zakat obligatory upon every Muslim who independence, which has a property that has to nisabnya and have passed one year (haul), except zakat plant, then he issued at the time of harvest if it has to nishabnya, as Allah says:
أفغير الله أبتغي حكما وهو الذي أنزل إليكم الكتاب مفصلا والذين آتيناهم الكتاب يعلمون أنه منزل من ربك بالحق فلا تكونن من الممترين
"And He it is who makes the gardens and are not berjunjung berjunjung, palm trees, plants are a variety of fruit, olives and pomegranates similar (shape and color), and not the same (it seems). Eat of the fruit (the variety of it) when she was fruitful, and tu-naikanlah right at harvest day (with the generated-the zakat); and do not be exaggerated. His verily Allah loves not those who exaggerated. "[Al-An'am: 141]
[Copied from the book of Al-Sunnah wal Wajiiz FII Fiqhis Kitaabil Aziiz, Author Shaikh Abdul Azhim bin Badawai al-Khalafi, Indonesia Guide Fiqh Complete Edition, Translators Team Tashfiyah LIPIA - Jakarta, Ibn Kathir Reader Publishers, Printed in Ramadan 1428 - September 2007M]