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Thursday, January 30, 2014

East Kalimantan Jakarta Ready to Replace the Start Dying, by Flood Becomes New Capital

East Kalimantan Jakarta Ready to Replace the Start Dying, by Flood Becomes New Capital

Possible to Move Into the East Kalimantan capital city Jakarta. Loss Jakarta Rp 2 Trillion Per Day by Flood. Ready to be the capital of East Kalimantan of Indonesia, said Awang Farouk.

Jakarta, capital of Indonesia in the past four weeks into the media spotlight, both local media, as well as Foreign Affairs, especially the spotlight floods, to the detriment of all parties, ranging from entrepreneurs to drivers of public transportation to the workers and employees.

It is conceivable Jakarta with a population of 20 million, in the next 50 years is still able to accommodate the number of people swelled to 40 million people. Is carrying capacity as its infrastructure is still capable.
That is why the First Indonesian President Ir Soekarno had the idea that any of Jakarta transferred to Palangkaraya, Central Kalimantan.

Discourse proposed transfer of the capital city of Jakarta to Borneo again emerged as the Governor of East Kalimantan (Kaltim), Awang Ishak Faroek expressed its readiness if Kaltim believed to shift the seat of government of Jakarta as Indonesia in the future.

If the proposal Awang was realized then that the removal of the Capital to Borneo live issue budget plan. Because if this is truly realized, then the government must re-establish the infrastructure starting from scratch.
"If I were in East Kalimantan, and it should move the parliament, ministries, educational centers, economic centers and how many people there as well as building infrastructure from scratch. Fare definitely huge," Sofyan Wanandi.

Because good infrastructure facilities and infrastructure to support the activities of government and trade (economics) certainly require substantial investment in order to removal Capital can be done.

The government must prepare the infrastructure, education centers, economic centers and so on.
Capital transfer of this discourse has now re-surfaced after the carrying capacity of Jakarta's increasingly dying back regularly confronted by problems, flooding.

The issue of flooding that hit Jakarta every year thereby disrupting the economy of Indonesia, because 60 percent of the economy in Jakarta.

Awang Ishak claims Faroek really hope he leads the province can become islands of hope for Indonesia's future.
"So Java island past, where flood again. Already, the government moved to East Kalimantan alone and I will prepare the land. Jakarta let me be the trade center just like New York," he said.
Awang claimed, Kaltim like a beautiful girl and a handsome increasingly ogled many entrepreneurs and investors. Therefore, the province has abundant potential in terms of natural resources (SDA).
"Our coal production reached 220 million tons per year, beyond the potential gas and oil as the Mahakam block. Fact there are 33 investors in the field of gas oil (gas) in East Kalimantan were to speculate," he explained.
In addition, Awang admitted that the region of East Kalimantan oil palm plantations has an area of ​​1 million hectares (ha) of the 2.4 million hectares that have been issued by the Regent. It targets, within the next few years, oil palm plantations in East Kalimantan will exceed wilayan vast oil palm plantations of Malaysia.

East Kalimantan Governor Awang H Faroek Dr. Isaac floated the idea ready to be the capital of East Kalimantan of Indonesia replacing Jakarta, which has been packed and do not have adequate carrying capacity of the environment.
This expression by Awang Faroek leveled when entertaining team ekspediasi 4x4 off-road touring to East Kalimantan border area, which was attended by the Chairman of the International Off-road Federation (IOF), General Pol. Pur. Rusmanhadi, Saturday night in Samarinda.
"Perhaps it floated the idea to the Central Government to move the state capital to Kalimantan? Why maintain a crowded city of Jakarta, traffic jams and sometimes floods, "he asked sejumah off-road expedition participants from various provinces in Indonesia.
According to Awang Faroek, the discourse moved to the state capital of Borneo is great, let alone President Sukarno never prepared Provnsi Central Kalimantan Jakarta as a potential replacement for that time.
According to him, Kaltim ventured to propose as a relocation site for the state capital of East Kalimantan has many potential. Among them, the land is still very wide, population density is still very little, has complete facilities such as airports, ports and arrangement of cargo and passengers that the city can still redesign as needed in the nation's capital.
"So sorry for the people of Central Kalimantan alone, though never in the discourse of the state capital of Central Kalimantan, East Kalimantan but has a number of advantages, not shared by other provinces in Kalimantan, primarily airports and seaports," he said.
In addition, he is in the East Kalimantan East Kalimantan Indonesian archipelagic sea lanes II which will be the entrance to the eastern part of Indonesia. Moreover, progress ALKI II between the sea and the island of Sulawesi, East Kalimantan will be the entrance and exit merchant ships from East Asia.
According to him, the discourse for the transfer of the capital of East Kalimantan to this course should have the support of all levels of society, especially the DPRD Kaltim and local leaders. Moreover, a proposed course of this discourse should notexists harm and supported by all parties.
 "We want the economic growth is not only concentrated in Java. Let's look like in the United States and Australia have developed cities other than the capital of the country. Suffice Jakarta as a city of trade and services, "he said.
Discourse proposed transfer of the capital city of Jakarta to Borneo again emerged as the Governor of East Kalimantan (Kaltim), Awang Ishak Faroek expressed its readiness if Kaltim believed to shift the seat of government of Jakarta as Indonesia in the future.

 The flood disaster in the capital Jakarta has indeed affected the economy The disruption of 60% of the Indonesian economy. Activities of businesses disrupted. Trading centers such as the traditional market was not able to operate. Activity distribution of goods and services is hampered, as well as any minivan drivers losers. (See: http://www.asatunews.com/berita-19141-supir-angkot-diselamatkan-bbg.html)

Chairman of the Chamber of Commerce and Industry (Kadin) Suryo Bambang Sulisto Indonesia estimates, the losses caused by floods reaches trillions of dollars. "Certainly I have not been able to get it (the amount of loss)., But, I estimate a minimum of Rp 1 trillion to Rp 2 trillion per day," said Suryo
Harry added, assuming losses due to floods in Indonesia reached Rp 50 trillion, it also takes into account the multiplier effects of floods, such as social impact, the losses suffered by the industry and the business sector, as well as the cessation of social services for the community.

 Even further, said Harry, deaths due to flooding caused by the poor quality of infrastructure.


"Most major center of commerce, 60% in Indonesia in Jakarta. Then losses due to material damage as a result of stagnant water, the production does not work because the power goes out, then the employee must be paid off when they continue to pursue the production target will have to love overtime costs," said Sofyan.

Another count of losses come from the Food and Beverage Association of Indonesia (Gappmi) loss businessman who claims to 300 billion per day for food and beverage industry.

According to the Chairman Gappmi Sibarani Franky, a loss of that comes from the few small-scale to large losses.

"We also do not know what year, but it will be given its more precisely in urban areas."

"Traders food-drink it in Jakarta about 15% of the total number of market traders about 100 thousand people. Consider it a day 60% of those affected by the floods and have lost R1 million as a result of this disaster. 150 billion That alone is right, not from the sector another, "said Franky.
Plus the non-traditional component Retailers and manufacturers of food and beverages, Franky can assess more precisely the loss.
Losses due to flooding are not new for entrepreneurs, but by Franky Sibarani, blow very pronounced for food and beverage entrepreneurs.

"Food and beverage industry that once rigid, the goods must be sent to a distribution depot then go by car or motorcycle. If it happens one-two-hour congestion, the impact can be very long. Especially if there is news to mention the flood situation worse 26th ( January), "he complained.

More moderate estimates given by Tutum Ruhanta of Indonesian Retailers Association (APRINDO) who called losses due to flooding in the tens of billions alone.

APRINDO members of the class mini up hyper markets in Jakarta area, according Tutum, generally have two types of losses: due to flooded and damaged goods stores (either owned or in the shopping center) to be closed.
"We are still trying to gather the data, but at first glance it does not get us much. But that's just the victim of any customer, already flooded with too hard to find stuff, it is more important," said Tutum.

However, it is difficult to check the truth of these claims because there is no comparable data are available. Government officials have so far referred to them also still counting this flood of data loss.
The most obvious count losses due to floods will probably most easily seen from the consumer submitted an insurance claim.

In the event of major flooding in Jakarta in 2002, the total flood claims for homes, vehicles, office to the factory, according to the General Insurance Association of Indonesia, reached Rp 1.5 trillion.

Five years later the great flood back pounding Jakarta and claims rose to Rp 2.1 trillion.

"We also do not know what year, but it will be given its more precisely in urban areas," said Iwan Pranoto of Insurance Astra.

Astra provides motor vehicle insurance in the last four days until this afternoon already received almost 150 claims request emergency assistance due to strike, submerged or other problems. "This is roughly 10 times the normal claims," ​​added Iwan.

Jakarta floods that hit the residential as well as business centers, including icons at Capital roundabout, resulting in a loss is not small. At least Rp 20 trillion lost due to a disaster of this subscription.

"Losses due to flooding are not little. If calculated, the total flood losses this year approximately Rp 20 trillion," said Jokowi on an event between the City Council with the city government in the Great Hall, City Hall, Jakarta (22/1 / 2013). The gathering is to discuss the handling of floods in Jakarta.

Related losses, Jokowi has the opinion that the government budget is used to pay for losses due to floods better allocated for the construction of a deep tunnel.

According to Jokowi, deep tunnel construction is important to be implemented because it is considered as a most powerful scenarios to anticipate flood in the capital city.

"Deep tunnel is a long-term flood solution. So, instead of continuing to spend money to pay damages, the better we construct a deep tunnel," said Jokowi.

Flood Jakarta on Thursday last week, arguably the largest in the last 6 years. Sudirman-Thamrin, flooded. Not only that, the water even penetrated into the innermost region to the State Palace.

More than 20 victims lost due to the flooding. Even in the matter of BNPB, the number of people displaced by this flood of refugees had reached 50,000.

Deep tunnel is a multifunctional giant tunnel, which is planned to be built under the ground segment Jl Pluit MT haryono up. For the construction of a deep tunnel, the city government to provide Rp 16 trillion in multiyear for 4-5 years. These tunnels are expected to address the problem of flooding and traffic congestion.
Major floods that hit Jakarta in early 2013, the majority of crippling joint life and the business world. Large material losses, inevitable. Jakarta Governor Joko Widodo estimates, loss of Rp 20 trillion. Nominal it covers the entire sector.

"Losses due to flooding are not little. If calculated, the total flood losses this year approximately Rp 20 trillion," said Jokowi at City Hall, Jakarta

However, a big loss not only floods this year alone. In major floods that hit Jakarta 2007, the losses also reached trillions.

Based on data from the 'Report of Damage and Loss Assessment Post-Disaster Flood Early February 2007 in Jabodetabek', issued by the Ministry of National Development Planning (Bappenas) February 16, 2007, an estimated loss of Rp 5.16 trillion.

When specified, the floods that hit from January 31 to February 8, 2007, the estimates of harm SME sector and cooperatives around Rp 781 million per day.

While losses in public enterprises valued at USD 14.4 billion. SOE sector losses, such as loss of Rp 17 billion PLN per day, PT Telkom loss of Rp 18 billion, and PT Pertamina Rp 100 billion.

River infrastructure damage is estimated at Rp 383.87 billion. Since the destruction of the 13 river embankment, and the East and West Flood Canal, and Ciliwung River cliffs and water gates.

Estimated losses highway and railway Rp 601.39 billion. Based on information for a week, PT KAI estimated opportunity loss suffered from the ticket sales revenue worth USD 1 to 1.5 billion per day.

Estimates of the loss of infrastructure improvement and learning activities, valued at USD 14.17 billion. Losses due to damage to the residence, which is estimated to reach Rp 89.770 houses submerged 695.7 million.

Bappenas assumes losses of Rp 10 million per unit, for a non-permanent houses swept away missing. While Rp 20 million per unit, to repair the damage to the house and furniture as well as a permanent home appliances, and Rp 5 million for minor damage calculations.

Huge losses due to floods, Jakarta residents should also be swallowed in 2002. Based on data from the book 'The relationship Cooperation Institutions in Watershed Management' by omo Rusdiana et al, Jakarta must lose at least Rp 9.8 trillion.

With details of losses of Rp 2.5 trillion economy, transportation and telecommunications amounted to Rp 78.5 billion to Rp 5.3 trillion in direct damage and indirect damage to Rp 2.8 trillion.

In the flood of 2002, at least 3.7 million of the 8.3 million inhabitants of Jakarta flooded. Meanwhile, the extent of the flooded area is 65 acres, and 8.7 acres of extensive flood inundation

Discourse capital transfer to outside Jakarta resurfaced. This time, the proposal was submitted by President Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono (SBY) on his return from foreign trip recently.
In response, the Governor of Jakarta, Joko Widodo claimed to not want to say much. He said he was fully submit the issue to the central government.
"Yes, that's a national decision. If it is decided, we are here of course counting back the plan. But, if you decide yes immediately disconnected. Not too long," said Jokowi at City Hall, as reported beritajakarta site.
It is said Jokowi, many of which must be taken into account to perform the discourse. One of them, the historical value of Jakarta as the capital city. However, if calculated on the population density of Jakarta, is already worth considering. "If it did exist historically historical., But if we want to count, berkalkulasi Jakarta on density yes indeed different matter," he said.

As is known, the previous president again raises the matter of discourse transfer of the capital city of Jakarta. SBY statement about capital transfer is delivered via his twitter account @ SBYudhoyono, after seeing the success of the transfer of the capital city of Kazakhstan in his working visit to several countries of the former Soviet Union some time ago.

 "Kazakhstan capital of Astana successful move, 4-5 years ago, the president secretly think about the possibility of waking up outside the government center in Jakarta," Yudhoyono wrote on his Twitter account.

 Capital transfer of discourse re-leveled Chairman of the House of Representatives Marzuki Alie addressing the catastrophic floods that hit Jakarta again. According to Marzuki, the proposed transfer of capital to be the only way that can be done to address the problem of flooding.
"We are a lot of smart people, great people who can count on loads of Jakarta. If capital is not moved, and the people continued to flow outside Java to Jakarta, it is forecast that half the people of Indonesia would sink into a reality," said Marzuki at Parliament House Senayan Complex , Jakarta.
This statement acknowledges Marzuki cited a scientific study on the dangers of flooding. According to Marzuki, the flood problem can not be separated from the issue of development is too focused on the city.
Development, said Marzuki, should be expanded by opening employment opportunities not only in Java. In addition, Marzuki see no harm in Capital removal is done to speed up the process of equitable development. According to him, Borneo is the best choice as a location for the new capital.
"Its area is also flood and earthquake risk free. Staying how we focus so that all the people perceived the construction of the development," said Marzuki.
To realize the transfer of the capital, Marzuki suggested that the government fix the problem of land acquisition. "There must be no play in the discourse of displacement broker's Capital," said the presidential candidate of the Democratic Party.
As reported, the heavy rain which flushed Jakarta last few days has made a number of points in the capital under water. Thousands of displaced people in Jakarta. Jakarta Governor Joko Widodo issuing a flood alert status as a precaution against floods. With such status, work unit area can take related flood mitigation measures as soon as possible in accordance with procedures that have been set.
President Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono also argue about the need for the transfer of the capital city. The government has formed a small team to discuss the discourse.
Actually move the seat of government is not new. The nation's capital is a very dense city, where much history has taken place, due to political and economic functions that have happened there. However, sometimes government leaders decided to move the capital from one city to another.
Relocation of the capital has been done hundreds of times throughout history. Ancient Egypt, Rome, and China are most often replace capital. Some countries choose a new capital is more easily maintained in the event of war.
 Some of the new capital was planned and built in previously undeveloped areas, to spur development.
The following 5 States Successful Move capital, becoming a better country:
1. Brazil
The capital of Brazil, Rio de Janeiro, has a full, crowded, and too far to the other states. The government built Brasilia in 1956 and 1960. The transfer of the capital has been considered for decades previously. In 1961 Brazil officially became the capital of Brazil. Brazil experienced unprecedented growth. Changes in Capital of Brazil is considered very successful, and many countries have been inspired by the success of Brazil in moving the country's capital.
2. Australia
In the 19th century, Sydney and Melbourne are the two largest cities in Australia. The two countries compete to be the capital of Australia. Taking the middle ground, Australia decided to build a new capital. After conducting research and surveys, the New South Wales Government is set to be Australia. Canberra became the capital city of Australia in 1927.
3. Myanmar
Myanmar was once the capital of Rangoon. In November 2005, the government instructed by the military junta to move the capital to Naypyidaw, which had been built since 2002. The world still has not got a definitive explanation, why the capital of Myanmar moved. The capital of this controversial removal, based on astrological advice and political fears. Rangoon is the largest city in the country, and the government limits so that no protests against the government. Naypyidaw is also considered to be more easily maintained during the war.
4. India
Calcutta, located in Eastern India, was the capital of British India in the colonial period until 1911. To make it easier to regulate the administration of the whole of India, the capital was transferred to Delhi by the British. New Delhi was built, and officially became the capital in 1947.
5. USA
After the American Revolution, Americans hold Congress in 8 states. Construction of a new capital in a separate federal district has been written in the U.S. Constitution. President George Washington chose the area near the Potomac River. Washington DC was built, and became the capital of the United States in 1800.
The United States has a mature design and successful in mapping out his state functions, such as:
- Washington DC for government center
- New York for business center
- Hollywood to the center of the film industry
- Las Vegas for entertainment center
These four states running the same synergy and become famous by America in the eyes of the world.
Well, if the State had a Successful Move capital, following a failed state in moving capital:
1. Japan
In 1990, the Diet (Japanese Parliament) passed a resolution to move the Japanese capital of Tokyo. In a few weeks, the committee gives the option for the location of new capital to the Prime Minister, such as Tokai, Hokuto, and Mie-Kio. Dietary want to move the capital from Tokyo to ease "excessive concentration" of the political and economic functions in the city. In addition, the government losses in the earthquake in Tokyo is huge. Due to the large removal costs (U.S. $ 150-350 billion), the Opposition suggested that such investment should be used to make better Tokyo and improve preparedness against earthquakes.
2. Malaysia
Malaysia moved to Putrajaya administrative center in 1995 to alleviate overcrowding in Kuala Lumpur. The plan is designed Putrajaya able to accommodate 500 thousand people, aka half the population of Kuala Lumpur. However, most people are reluctant to move to KL Putrajaya because it is far from the business center. Though the Malaysian government has done a variety of ways, such as incentives and direct motorway wants to move to Putrajaya. But these methods have not produced results to date.
3. Argentina
Failure to move the capital due to lack of funds experienced by Argentina in 1989. Argentina had planned moving the capital of Buenos Aires to Viedma. The move has been decided by the state capital of Argentina's National Congress in May 1987. The effort stalled because of the economic problems that hit Argentina in 1989.
Country plans to move its capital
1. Iran
Iran considering moving the capital from Tehran, which is commonly affected by the earthquake. If capital is a different city, the government can manage the crisis and reduce casualties. Political leaders and seismologists are studying the area near Qom and Isfahan as a place to build a new capital, but this will probably take several decades and a large amount of money to complete.
2. Indonesia
Jakarta is densely populated, traffic jams, slums, and flooding, making the idea of ​​moving the capital of Indonesia often sticking. However, a lack of traction and the pros and cons of government in the transfer of capital, making this idea into a wild ball which will obviously not where they lead, into an idea that sometimes appear, sometimes drowning.
Indonesia needs to learn from countries that succeed or fail in the transfer of the capital, and with a very carefully discussing the removal of the state capital's discourse. Depth studies involving various stakeholders at central and regional necessary to determine the best choice of the state capital redeployment scenarios. The decision will be the transfer of the capital of the country's largest and most important public works projects in the history of the nation of Indonesia. |

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