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Shaykh Khalil Harras
Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam said:
من حج لله فلم يرفث ولم يفسق رجع كيوم ولدته أمه
Whoever hajj for Allah, then he does not do nasty and do wickedness, then he comes home like the day he was born his mother. [Bukhari no. 1424]
The Muslims out of the month of Ramadan in a state already has a provision in the form of great power in the spiritual life of the saint; their souls be strong and do not depend on the material; -Desire wishes they had trained to defeat lust lust; and able to bear the exhaustion-exhaustion and against the hated things. Therefore, they entered the pilgrimage months in a state of perfect spiritual ready and physical. They already have the readiness to carry burdens contained in the sacred obligations (Hajj), which became the fifth pillars of the pillars of Islam.
Hajj is like fasting, obligatory long ago; Allah Almighty has obliging them to his servants since he ordered his lover, namely Ibrahim Alaihissallam, in order to establish Baitul Haram in Mecca, then told her that proclaim the pilgrimage to mankind in order to come to him.
يأتوك رجالا وعلى كل ضامر يأتين من كل فج عميق ليشهدوا منافع لهم ويذكروا اسم الله في أيام معلومات على ما رزقهم من بهيمة الأنعام
"... Undoubtedly they will come to you on foot, and a skinny camel riding, which come from all over the remote. So they see a number of benefits for them and that they may mention the name of Allaah on appointed day over the sustenance which Allah Almighty has given to them in the form of animals ... "[al-Hajj/22 :27-28]
Allah Almighty has shown rituals-rituals of Hajj and syi'ar-Alaihissallam syi'arnya to Abraham and his son, Isma'il Alaihissallam. So rituals-rituals that will still be there after the death of both the offspring that pilgrimage to the House and perform tawaf in situ, before staying at 'Arafah and Muzdalifah, and carry between Safa and Marwa sa'i.
It's just that their descendants have held heresy-heresy in it because of his old age, debauched and vicious decorate their deviations.
They held worship of statues and put them around the Kaaba and the inside. They begin to worship idols and slaughtered nearby as a form taqarrub him, and they used to say in talbiahnya;
اللهم لا شريك لك, إلا شريكا هو لك, تملكه مما ملك
"O Allah, there is no partner for Thee, but the ally that you have, you have what he has"
In the past, they Kaaba tawaf naked, because they feel uncomfortable implementing Thawaf with the clothes worn by the time they arrive, to the extent that any women Kaaba tawaf with no dressing. The woman was covered farjinya with a cloth, and then said:
"On this day appeared partially or completely (body); but what is seen, then I do not allow (touched) "
When Allah Almighty sent His prophet, Muhammad sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam as a religious reformer Abraham Alaihissallam, naturally if it covers liability reform Hajj. Thus, Hajj is required in the sixth year of the Hijrah, and the arguments fardunya of the Qur'an is the word of Allah Almighty:
وأتموا الحج والعمرة لله
"And complete the Hajj and 'Umrah for Allah." [Al-Baqarah / 2:196]
Until the word of God:
الحج أشهر معلومات فمن فرض فيهن الحج فلا رفث ولا فسوق ولا جدال في الحج
"(Season) Hajj is understandable few months. Whoever it was determined in a month will do Hajj, then it should not rafats, do wicked or arguing in the future pilgrimage "[al-Baqarah / 2:197]
His words are also others:
فيه آيات بينات مقام إبراهيم ومن دخله كان آمنا ولله على الناس حج البيت من استطاع إليه سبيلا ومن كفر فإن الله غني عن العالمين
"For him there are real signs, (whom) the station of Abraham. Whoever entered it (Baitullah it), he becomes safe. Pilgrimage is a duty men owe to Allah, (for) those who can afford the journey to the House. Whoever denies the (obligation of Hajj), then verily, Allah is Rich (does not require anything) of the Worlds. "[Ali 'Imran / 3:97]
The postulate of the Sunnah, the sayings of the Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam:
إن الله كتب عليكم الحج فحجوا
"Verily Allah has made obligatory Hajj, then hajilah you!" [HR. Muslim]
Also as narrated by Ibn 'Umar anhu:
(بني الإسلام على خمس: شهادة أن لا إله إلا الله وأن محمدا رسول الله, وإقام الصلاة, وإيتاء الزكاة, وصوم رمضان, وحج البيت لمن استطاع إليه سبيلا)
"Islam is built upon five pillars; testimony that there is no deity worthy of worship except Allah and Muhammad is the Messenger of Allah, establish the prayer, issued alms, fasting during Ramadan, and pilgrimage to the House for anyone who can afford the journey to him. "[muttafaq 'alaih]
Indeed, the Prophet has interpreted the meaning as-Sabil with supplies and transport, so anyone who has a living for himself and his family to return from Hajj as well as getting a vehicle that made him to Mecca (ie cost safar roundtrip), then it is obligatory for him soon pilgrimage; because he will not know what's going to stop him after that, because of illness or diminished his property.
Haji including worship that have a major impact in educating the soul, in the form of separated himself from the glitzy world, returning to the original nature, overcome difficulties and exhaustion-exhaustion, honors glorify Allah Almighty to refrain from any interference and hostile actions. Therefore, man must not kill berihrâm game, should not cut nails, should not shave, even all the activities that the Hajj is safety for yourself and others.
Implementation of the pilgrimage is the fulfillment of the call of God Almighty through His oral lover, namely Ibrahim Alaihissallam, so a visit to Baitul Haram. Therefore, people who pronounce his intention hajj pilgrimage or 'umrah;
لبيك اللهم لبيك, لبيك لاشريك لك لبيك, إن الحمد والنعمة لك والملك لا شريك لك
"I fulfill your call, O God, thy cry my fill. I fulfill your call no allies to Thee, My calling to fulfill Thy. Truly the praise and the favor is only for thee, thy kingdom also. There is no partner for Thee ".
Meaning لبيك: hasten towards obedience to thee, and thy summons without long and slow.
In addition, the Hajj is an event gathering the Muslims are repeated each year, where they come from different parts of the world, until they can remember the unity of religion that overshadowed them all. Although they are of different types and colors of skin, as well as the different dialects spoken and then introduced brotherhood, mutual benefit switch between them, as well as mutual understanding of each situation. In it there is an improvement of the situation and the glory of them; also strengthen brotherhood among them. It was al-Qur'ân have indicated it in his words:
ليشهدوا منافع لهم
"... So that they see many benefits for them ..." [al-Hajj/22: 28]
In the above hadith (Bukhari 1424) The Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam proclaim that those obligations Hajj in the right way, ie; mengikhlaskan intention to Allaah in it, he did not come out to be seen `or sum'ah, even as faith in God Almighty and expect a reward from his side, at the behest of His obedient; he fulfilled the obligation away from things that are not worth it in the form of people who berihrâm rafats, namely jima `and its predecessors and all associated with it; also do not do evil, that is out of obedience to Allaah, the adulterous against him; then indeed he came home from pilgrimage in a clean state of sin as when he was born. Unless that sin involves the rights of others, then this is not really sin erased with the Hajj and that in others, even had to return it to the beneficiary, or asked them to menghalalkannya.
Not surprisingly, the pilgrimage to the position as it can purify from sin, because he is actually rihlah (go) towards Allah Almighty. When the hajj, a Muslim endure much hardship, threatened various calamities and distress, effort and expense of treasure, and then carry out the rituals of Hajj. He walked to the door of his Lord, came to him from far away places to beg forgiveness and pardon from Him, to vent their grievances to him for his sins that could lead to the destruction and doom, if the sins are still there and no forgiveness of Allah Almighty.
So what persangkaanmu the most gracious Lord, that His servants seek refuge in Him, pour into their complaints before him, recognizes tyranny and ignorance in his hand, also to go beyond the limit of the right attitude of his; then he repent, regret and realize that there is no refuge for him from Allaah except Him. Also that no one is safe from Allah Almighty, and that if he did not get the grace and virtue of God Almighty, it will be the people who suffer the misery entirely.
Verily Allah Almighty the most compassionate than He gave His servants as He disappointed with the condition of knowing the honesty of it in the shelter and sincere to Him in repentance from sin. And it has come in the hadeeth:
الحج المبرور ليس له جزاء إلا الجنة
Hajj Mabrur (then) there is no reply for him but heaven [HR. Muslim]
We ask God Almighty that endowed us and our brothers in the splendor of the obligations, and accept it with grace and mercy.
(Reference: Al-Ashâlah Magazine, pp. 31-34, month of Safar Th.1424 volume 41, year 6)
[Copied from the Sunnah Edition magazine 08/Tahun XIII / Dzulqa 'Adah 1430/2009M. Publishers Foundation Standing Committee Istiqomah Surakarta, Jl. Solo-Solo Purwodadi Gondangrejo Km.8 Selokaton 57 183 Tel. 0271-858197 Fax 0271-858196]
OPEN HOUSE EVENT prospective pilgrims
Ustadz Muhammad Arifin DR Badri MA
Chaplain, in the area where I live, if anyone would like a pilgrimage, a day before the departure in question usually hold an open house all day from morning till night. Neighbors came, he said to medo'akan which would hopefully Hajj pilgrimage mambur. The same thing is done on his return from the pilgrimage is concerned, neighbors came to congratulate and receive a souvenir from the holy land. Is it riya 'for the pilgrimage? And whether such activity is heresy?
It is a culture that has spread. This culture needs to watch out, because the latter's culture seemed to have become a string of Hajj rituals. This culture if routinized in Shari'ah problematic, because if routinized, it can rise to a belief that the pilgrimage should begin and end with an open haouse. However, if the cause of this, the culture necessarily be judged illegitimate? It also can not. Since the first of the scholars know the name walimatus safar (walimah are done when they wanted to do a trip away). Walimah safar classified into events or permissible, also charity and thanksgiving.
For example, after returning from a pilgrimage to the charity you want to invite the neighbors to a dinner, do not believe as long as a series of pilgrimage, God willing, not why. Because mentioned in al-Mughni by Ibn Qudamah rahimahullah there are several kinds walimah, which are walimah Safar, walimah circumcision and so forth, but it all is permissible, associated with the tradition of the local community. As long as they are not regarded as necessary or part of the pilgrimage rituals. Especially the community leaders and the clergy, they have an important role to explain right to the community with his tongue or explain the practice, for example by occasionally leaving the culture so that people know that it's not an especially disunnahkan required. Allah knows best
[Copied from the Sunnah Edition magazine 01/Tahun XVII / Jumada End 1434/2013M. Publishers Foundation Standing Committee Istiqomah Surakarta, Jl. Solo-Solo Purwodadi Gondangrejo Km.8 Selokaton 57 183 Tel. 0271-858197 Fax 0271-858196]
IN Hajj and Umrah Ihram
Ustadz Kholid Syamhudi Lc
Indeed Allaah did not create the jinn and mankind except to worship only Him alone, as his word:
وما خلقت الجن والإنس إلا ليعبدون
"And I have not created jinn and man to worship Me". [adh-Dzariyat/51: 56].
To realize the worship needed a medium that can explain the meaning and nature of the desired worship Allah Almighty. So with his great wisdom, He sent the apostles to carry and deliver his treatises and law to the jinn and mankind.
Among the perfection of Islam is the establishment of the pilgrimage to the House, al-Haram as one of the great symbols of Islam. Even the Hajj is the fifth pillar of Islam, and became one of the means for the Muslims to unite, increase piety and reach heaven that has been promised to those who fear Allah. Therefore, the perfection syari'atnya, Islam has set a procedure or method that is complete and detailed, so it does not need the addition and subtraction in the implementation of this service.
One part is the Hajj Ihram, which must be done every person who made the hajj and umrah. As one of the part, the implementation needs to be explained, namely concerning procedures and the law surrounding it.
The word Ihram is taken from Arabic, from al-haram forbidden or prevented meaningful. It was called the ihram, because someone with the intention to get in on the Hajj or Umrah, then he is forbidden to say and do good with certain things like jima ', married, filthy speech, and so forth. From here, the scholars define Ihram with the intention of one of the two stabbing (ie Hajj and Umrah), or both simultaneously. 
Thus, it becomes clear misconception some Muslims who say the ihram is dressed in cloth of Ihram. Because of Ihram is the intention of entering into the Hajj or Umrah. While dressed in ihram cloth is a must for someone who has berihram.
Ihram, as an essential part of the Hajj and Umrah performed from Miqat. A hajj and umrah will, he shall know miqat as berihram place. They are not berihram of Miqat, meaning it has an obligation to leave the Hajj, making it mandatory upon them to replace it with a dam (fines).
1. Disunnahkan to shower before Ihram for both men and women, both in the circumstances sacred, or menstruation, as narrated by Jabir radi 'anhu he said:
فخرجنا معه حتى أتينا ذا الحليفة فولدت أسماء بنت عميس محمد بن أبي بكر فأرسلت إلى رسول الله كيف أصنع? قال: اغتسلي واستثفري بثوب واحرمي (رواه مسلم)
"Then we went out with the Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam. When reached Dhul Hulaifah, Asma bint' Umais Muhammad ibn Abi Bakr bore. Then he (Asthma) sent (someone to meet) to the Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam (and ask) : 'What am I doing?' He sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam replied:' Take a bath and beristitsfarlah , and berihramlah '. "[Reported by Muslim (2941) 8/404, Abu Dawud no. 1905 and 1909, and Ibn Majah no. 3074.]
If not then do not get water bertayammum, because purification disunnahkan can not use water if it does not do tayammum. L Allah mentions in the purification of hadats Tayammum as his word:
يا أيها الذين آمنوا إذا قمتم إلى الصلاة فاغسلوا وجوهكم وأيديكم إلى المرافق وامسحوا برءوسكم وأرجلكم إلى الكعبين وإن كنتم جنبا فاطهروا وإن كنتم مرضى أو على سفر أو جاء أحد منكم من الغائط أو لامستم النساء فلم تجدوا ماء فتيمموا صعيدا طيبا
"O ye who believe, if you want to pray, then wash your faces and your hands up to the elbows, and sweep up your head and (wash) your feet up to the ankles, and if you junub then wash, and if you are sick or in traveling or returning from open defecation (latrines) or touched a woman, then you do not get water, then bertayamumlah with good soil (clean) ... ". [al-Ma `waiting time / 5: 6].
Therefore, it can not be analogous to (figured) to others. Also because there are no examples or commands of the Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam to bertayammum especially if the ihram bath for cleanliness with the argument of his command to Asma `Bintu Umais who are menstruating for the bath.
2. Disunnahkan to wear perfume when ihram, as stated by 'Aisha radi anha:
كنت أطيب النبي لإحرامه قبل ان يحرم و لحله قبل أن يطوف بالبيت.
"I dressed the Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam perfume for ihramnya before berihram, and when its halal before tawaf of the Kaaba". [Bukhari no.1539 and Muslim no. 1189].
In the use of perfume is only allowed in the limbs, and not on clothes ihramnya, because the Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam said:
لا تلبسوا ثوبا مسه الزعفران و لا الورس
"Do not wear perfume za'faran affected and wars". [Agreed alaih].
Wearing perfume is there are two circumstances:
a. Berihram bath and wear it before, and it was agreed there was no problem.
b. Wear it after a shower and before berihram and fragrance oils are not lost, then this is permitted by the scholars except Imam Malik and the people who agree with his opinion.
Allowing for the use of the argument of perfume in ihram, namely Aisha hadith, he said:
كان رسول الله اذا أراد أن يحرم يتطيب بأطيب ما يجد ثم أرى وبيص الدهن في رأسه و لحيته بعد ذلك (رواه مسلم)
"When the Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam wanted berihram, (he) wears the most fragrant scent he get, then I saw a flash of the oil on his head and his beard after that". [Reported by Muslim no.2830].
'Aisha radi anha said anyway:
كأني أنظر إلى وبيص المسك في مفرق رسول الله و هو محرم
"As if I saw a flash of a few drawbacks (a few drawbacks perfume) at the head of the Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam, while he was in a state of ihram". [Reported by Muslim no. 2831, and Bukhari no. 5923].
There is one problem:
When someone wears perfume in her body, namely the head and beard, but then the perfume drips or melted down, whether or not it affect?
He replied: No effect, because the displacement of the perfume by itself and not be moved, and also because it appeared to the Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam and his companions ignored if the perfume drips, because they use it in a state that allowed .
Then, if someone who berihram (mahram) to her ablutions, and he was wearing perfumed hair oil, it would have rubbed his head with his hands. If he did, then the oil will stick to his hands, although only slightly, it is necessary to wear gloves when it would rub the head?
Shaykh Muhammad Salih al-'Uthaymeen never gave an explanation on this issue. Shaikh said: "No need, it even includes exaggeration in religion, and there is no argument. Similarly, not rubbing his head with a wooden or leather. Enough to wipe him with the palms of his hands because this is unforgivable termaasuk" .
3. Wearing two pieces of white cloth that is used as gloves and scarves, as the Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam:
ليحرم أحدكم فى إزار و رداء و نعلين
"Let any one of you berihram by using gloves and scarves as well as a pair of slippers". [Reported by Ahmad 2/34, and classed as saheeh isnaad by Ahmad Shakir].
Two pieces of white cloth was preferred, based on the words of the Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam:
خير ثيابكم البياض فالبسوها وكفنوا فيها موتكم
"The best of you is the white clothes, then put on your corpse kafanilah him and her". [Reported by Ahmad. See Sharh Shakir Ahmad, 4/2219, and he said: "Saheeh isnad"]
Ibn Taymiyyah rahimahullah rituals in the book (p. 21) says: "disunnahkan to berihram with two clean cloth. If they are white then it's more mainstream, and allowed ihram with all kinds of cotton fabric dimubahkan suf (wool), and so forth. permissible berihram with a white cloth and a non-white colors are allowed , while the colorful ". As for women, he still wears women's clothing that covers her nakedness, except the face and palms.
4. Disunahkan berihram after prayers. Mentioned in the hadeeth of Ibn 'Umar' anhuma in Bukhari that the Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam said:
أتاني الليلة آت من ربي فقال: صل في هذا الوادي المبارك وقل عمرة في حجة
"It has come last night of Rabbku messenger and said:" pray in this blessed Wadi and say: 'Umratan hajjatin fi'. "
Also the hadith of Jabir radi 'anhu
فصلى رسول الله في المسجد ثم ركب القصواء حتى إذا استوت به ناقته على البيداء أهل بالحج
"Then the Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam to pray in the mosque (Dhul Hulaifah), then he climbed the al-Qaswa' (the name of his camel). Till when the camel stands in al-Baida ', he berihram for Hajj". [Reported by Muslim]
So in accordance with the Sunnah of the more mainstream and perfect, is berihram after the obligatory prayers. However, if it does not get time to pray fard then there are two opinions of the scholars:
a. Fixed disunnahkan pray two cycles, and thus the opinion of jumhur, which evidence the generality of the hadeeth of Ibn 'Umar radi' anhu.
صل في هذا الوادي
: "Pray in the Wadi (valley) is".
b. It is not prescribed to pray two cycles, and thus the opinion of Shaykh al-Islam Ibn Taymiyah. He said in Majmu 'Fataawa (26/108): "disunnahkan berihram after prayers, both obligatory and Sunnah. If he was at the time tathawu'-according to one of the two opinions-and the others that he fard prayer, then afterwards berihram , and if not then there is no special prayer for ihram, and this is what rajih ".
In the Ikhtiyarat (p. 116) he states: "Berihram after the obligatory prayers if there is, or sunnah (nafilah); since ihram does not have a special prayer for her".
Thus, no two cycles of prayer specifically for Ihram.
5. Intending to implement one of the rituals, and disunnahkan to say. Allowed to choose one of the three stabbed, namely ifrad, Qiran and tamattu ', as stated by' Aisha radi 'anha.
خرجنا مع رسول الله عام حجة الوداع فمنا من أهل بعمرة و منا من أهل بحج و عمرة و منا من أهل بحج و أهل رسول الله بالحج فأما من أهل بعمرة فحل عنه قدومه و أما من أهل بحج أو جمع بين الحج والعمرة فلم يحلوا حتى كان يوم النحر (متفق عليه)
"We have come out with the Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam in the Hajj of Wada' then any of us who berihram with Umrah and anyone with Hajj and Umrah berihram, and there are berihram with Hajj only, while the Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam berihram the Hajj alone. berihram as for the Umrah then he lawful after the coming of , and the berihram the Hajj or the Hajj and Umrah enhance not kosher (apart from ihramnya) until he was in the nahar . "[Mutafaq 'alaih].
Therefore, someone who bermanasik ifrad, he said:
لبيك حجا or لبيك اللهم حجا
and someone who bermanasik tamattu ', he said:
لبيك عمرة or لبيك اللهم عمرة
and when the day Tarwiyah (8 Dzulhijah) states:
لبيك حجا or لبيك اللهم حجا
The Sunnah is bermanasik Qiran, he stated:
لبيك عمرة و حجا
After that disunnahkan reproduce Talbiyah to get to the Kaaba to implement thawaf.
Explained in brief about Hajj and Umrah ihram while. Hopefully useful. Allaah Almighty knows best bish-sowab.
[Copied from the Sunnah Edition magazine 08/Tahun XII/1429H/2008M. Published Istiqomah Standing Committee Foundation Surakarta, Jl. Solo - Solo Purwodadi Gondangrejo Km.8 Selokaton 57 183 Tel. 0271-761016]
. See Mudzakirat, Sharh 'Umdah (p. 65), and Syarhul-Mumti' (6/67).
. Istitsfar, is an attempt to prevent bleeding from the pubic person who menstruation or parturition by taking fabric lengthwise, put in place the blood and coated with a material that does not penetrate the blood-ujunnya taken to end tied around the stomach. As for the present age has no sanitary napkins. See Sharh Muslim, 8/404.
. See Syarhul-Mumti ', 6/73-74.
. Syarhul-Mumti ', 6/74.
. Quoted from Syarhul-Mumti ', 6/75.
. After performing Umrah to perform tawaf and sa'i.
. On the 10th of Dhul Hijjah.