Perum Bulog to import soybeans from the United States amounted to 100 thousand tons for soybeans overcome shortages which currently dwindling.
"The amount we calculate supply for three months, we will be coordinating with the Coptic import 100 thousand tons," said the head of Bulog Sutarto Alimoeso, Wednesday (28/08/2013).
Sutarto explained, the Bulog was prepared to import soybeans since March. Because in the U.S. exporters, soybeans planted in March and April, and harvested in September and October.
"There (America) already has a potential buyer, because of the land there, he had a line market if not dangerous," said Sutarto.
Sutarto added that it was associated with the intense American exporters. Predicted soybean imports came to Indonesia in October for use as a transport ship.
"In the 20 days to 40 days will be up in Indonesia, because the vessel used to transport," said Sutarto.
Previously reported, soybean prices rose from Rp 7,400 to Rp 9,300 today. While soybean supplies thinned when necessary consumption of 2.5 million tons per year.
Like falling into the same hole, tempeh and tofu manufacturers is now being repeated episodes occur each soybean price increase exchange rate volatility. Entanglement issues facing the people of this happening food manufacturers because of its dependence on imported raw materials products high.
While listening to the radio, Dadi (20) thin mill soybean boiled with water in the tofu production in West Semper, Cilincing subdistrict, North Jakarta, Tuesday (08/27/2013). Dadi feels lonely because no one was with. "Two days is my own work," he said.
Two coworkers Dadi, Cece (35) and Qoyum (24), return to the village in Majalengka, West Java, since Monday (26/8). Both victims of reduced activity due to demand to know the production down. Rather than unemployed, Cece and Qoyum chose to return home.
Dadi and his friends usually processed 4-6 or 2-3 quintal sack of soy per day. However, since the sale price was raised to know the average of Rp 2,000 per pan (size 50 cm x 50 cm) to Rp 22,000 and Rp 32,000 per pan (depending on thickness), retailers reduce demand.
Third place working business owners, couples Cecelia (58)-Encan (48), claimed to have no choice to deal with the situation, but reduce production. "Soybean prices continued to rise since before Ramadan, now from Rp 6,600 to Rp 9,300 per kilogram," said Encan.
Same thing happened to hundreds of entrepreneurs tempeh and tofu in Kedaung, Pamulang, South Tangerang. Maman, factory owners know, say, if the price of soybeans is not back to normal, it will return workers to their hometown.
"We cut production by up to 50 percent more. If you were previously able to process 1 ton of soybeans, most now 3-4 quintals a day. If the price is normal, the new kids we called again, "said Maman which has 20 workers Majalengka origin.
Transactions turunRatusan entrepreneurs tempeh and tofu in longish memories and Gang Jambu, Cipondoh, Tangerang, also the same stratagems. Caryoni, for example, was forced to reduce the three workers. "Right now we are still able to survive by reducing production and number of employees. In fact, mediocre income for spinning venture capital alone is enough for us, "said Caryoni (47).
The impact was also seen reduced production of soybean purchases lonely Multipurpose Cooperative Enterprises (KSU) Blessing Amanah Sejahtera, Cipondoh. Since four days after Eid today, soybean purchases declined.
"The buyers deserted. Under normal conditions, soybeans sold to 1.5 tons per day. However, today, the highest selling only 1 ton. Sometimes less than 1 ton, "said Adi, KSU officials Amanah Prosperous Blessings.
Not only producers, rising soybean prices also affect traders Indonesian food is. Traders tempeh and tofu in some markets in Greater Jakarta, forced to reduce stock because buyers decreased.
In Kebayoran Lama Market and Market Block A in Jalan Fatmawati, Jakarta, these foods still sought despite declining sales levels. "I can usually sell 20-30 tempe boards, can now only half was good. For a week now I'm stock tempe most 10 boards, "said Yan, a trader in Kebayoran Lama.
In Gondangdia Market, Jakarta, when it was already noon, tempeh and tofu merchandise Slamet Riyadi (41) is still a lot left, but the market was quieter. "Since the price is expensive, I am often left over merchandise. Not always run, "said Slamet.
Tofu and tempeh are dijajakannya is homemade. Increase in soybean prices do not make Slamet and other manufacturers to raise prices immediately. "I've raised the price of tempeh from Rp 5,000 to Rp 6,000 after Lebaran, consumer protests. They do not want to buy tempeh at Rp 6,000, "he said.
Restaurant patrons who often took the tempe-out of Slamet also rejected the new price. Finally, Slamet can only get around by shrinking the size of the state of tempeh and tofu. In addition, he also can not do anything accept a decrease turnover and profits up 40 percent as the excesses of the boom.
The rise in soybean prices is not at all the case. Fate and tofu manufacturers is like repeating the story in July 2012, while soybean prices soared from Rp 5,500 to Rp 8,200 per kilogram. At that time, thousands of manufacturers tempeh and tofu production three-day strike in protest to the government. "The government should immediately control the soybean price so we do not go out of business," said Rujito, Treasurer Coptic Tangsel.
Now thousands of entrepreneurs and the people waiting for the realization of food price stabilization soybeans. They do not want businesses were destroyed. They hope not fettered by prolonged high soybean prices caused by dependence on imports.
Central Statistics Agency (BPS) estimates soybean crop productivity will decline this year due to weather changes.
Suryamin BPS chief said soybean productivity in 2012 amounted to 843 150 tonnes of dry beans or decreased 8,130 tons (-0.96 percent) than in 2011.
Meanwhile, soybean production in 2013 is estimated at 847 160 tonnes of dry beans or an increase of 4,000 tonnes (0.47 per cent) compared to 2012.
"The harvested area is expected to rise in 2013 3,940 acres (0.69 percent), while productivity is expected to decline 0.03 quintal per hectare (0.2 per cent). This is due to changes in the weather," said Suryamin during a press conference at his office in Jakarta on Monday (01/07/2013).
Suryamin explained that the increase in soybean production this year is expected to occur in January-April 2013, with 4,000 tonnes (0.47 per cent), and then in May-August 2013, which rose 6,450 tonnes respectively (3.02 percent) and 3,840 tonnes ( 1.52 percent).
In the September-December, 2013, soybean production is expected to decline 6,290 tonnes (1.67 per cent) over the same period last year. In terms of regions, the increase soybean production is expected to occur outside of Java at 4,850 tonnes, whereas in Java are expected to drop 840 tons.
"The increase in soybean production is expected to occur due to increase in the harvested area of 3.940 hectares (0.69 per cent) despite declining productivity was 0.03 quintal per hectare," he added.
Suryamin added, the estimated increase in soybean production in 2013 are relatively large in the province of West Nusa Tenggara, East Java, South Sulawesi, West Java and Central Sulawesi. The decline in soybean production in Aceh, Central Java, Yogyakarta, South Sumatra and North Sumatra.
Meanwhile, the pattern of soybean harvest this year is expected to approach the harvest pattern 2012. In January-April 2013 and 2012, the peak of the harvest occurred in February. Meanwhile, from January to April 2011, the peak harvest occurred in March.