بسم االلهالرحمن اارحيم
As- Sunnah according to language ( etymology ) is a way / ways . Meanwhile, according to scholars ' Aqeedah ( terminology ) , the Sunnah is that the instructions had been carried out by the Prophet and his companions , both about science , I'tiqad ( beliefs ) , word or deed . Called al - worshipers because they are united on the truth , do not want broken to pieces in religious matters , gathered under the leadership of the priests ( who cling to al-haqq/kebenaran ) .
Al - Jama'ah according to scholars ' Aqeedah ( terminology ) is the first generation of this people , which is among the companions of the Prophet , then Tabi'in and Tabi'ut Tabi'in . as well as those who followed them in goodness until the Day of Judgment , as gathered on the truth , as it is said Ibn Mas'ud : " Al - Jama'ah is that following the truth even if you are alone . "
So , Ahlus Sunnah wal Jama'ah are those who have the nature and character to follow the sunnah of the Prophet sallallaahu alaihi wa sallam with consistent and matters away from new / diada inventions in religion . ( Heresy )
The characteristics of Ahlus Sunnah wal Jama'ah are those ittiba ' ( follow ) to the Sunnah of the Messenger of Allah ( Surah Al- Ahzab : 21 ) and follow atsar ( trace ) salaful ummah .
Another term for the Ahlus Sunnah Wal Jama'ah :
1 . Ahlul Hadeeth , Ahlul Atsar , Ahlul Ittiba '
2 . Ath - Thaaifatul Mansurah ( groups who get the help of God ) , as the hadeeth narrated by Mu'awiya : That the Prophet said : " There is always a party of my ummah who always uphold the commandments of God , will not harm those who do not help them and the people who will menyelisihi them , until the command of Allah comes and they stay on top of that so it was . " ( HR.Bukhari , Muslim ) .
3 . Al - Firqatun Naajiyah ( Sect )
4 . Al - Ghurabaa ' ( foreigner ) . From Abu Hurairah : The Messenger of Allaah alaihi wa sallam.bersabda : " Islam initially alien , and the alien shall return later as first, then lucky for al - Ghurabaa ' ( asinng people ) . " ( HR.Muslim ) .
Meaning of Al - Ghurabaa ' is as narrated by ' Abdullah ibn ' Amr ibn al -`As , when the Prophet one day explain the meaning neighbor Ghurabaa ( alienated ) ' , he said : " Those who are righteous in the midst of many people ugly ( actor shirk , bid'ah , , khurofat , , superstition , heresy misleading etc. ) , people who
disobeys ( menyelisihi ) them more , than obey them . " ( HR.Ahmad ) . Also in another hadith , from ' Amr bin ' Auf : Messenger of Allah said : " That is, people who fix sunnahku ( sunnah Rasul ) after me , after destroyed by man . " ( HR.At - Tirmidhi )
History of the emergence of Ahlus Sunnah wal Jama'ah term
Naming the term Ahlus Sunnah wal Jama'ah has existed since the first generation of Islam during the period of the exalted God , the generation of friends , tabi'in and tabi'ut tabi'in . When interpreting the verse :
يوم تبيض وجوه وتسود وجوه فأما ٱلذين ٱسودت وجوههم أكفرتم بعد إيمنكم فذوقوا ٱلعذاب بما كنتم تكفرون
" On the day that at that time there was a white face glow , and some black face grim . As for the people who face the grim black [ them say ] : " Why did you disbelieve after your faith ? Because of that felt the doom because of your ingratitude " . ( QS.Ali - Imran : 106 )
Explanation Priests and Scholars
Abdullah bin Abbas / Ibn Abbas said : " The white people who face them are Ahlus Sunnah wal Jama'ah , as for the black face they are Ahlul Bid'ah and misguided . " ( Tafsir Ibn Kathir [ I/419 , cet.Daarus Salaam ] ) .
Then the term Ahlus Sunnah wal Jama'ah followed by most scholars of the Salaf , including :
1 . Ayyub as- Sikhtiyani ( d. th.131 H ) he said : " When I was notified of the death of one of Ahlus Sunnah , as if missing one of my limbs . "
2 . Sofyan ats - Tsaury ( d. . 161 H. ) said : " I wasiatkan you to stick to the Sunnah ahlus well , because they are a- Ghurabaa ' , it would be at least Ahlus Sunnah wal Jama'ah . "
3 . Fudhail bin Iyad ( d. . 187 H. ) said : " ... said ahlus Sunna : that faith beliefs , words and actions , "
4 . Abu Ubaid al -Qasim ibn Sallam ( Th.157H - 224H ) said : " ... And indeed if you ask me about faith , disputes the ummah , on the perfection of faith , and faith increase and decrease as you mention if you wish to know the faith according to the sunnah of such ahlus .... "
5 . Imam Ahmad ibn Hanbal ( Th. 164-241 H ) said : " These are schools of Ahl-ul- ' ilmi , ash - haabul atsar and Ahlus Sunnah , they are known as a follower of the sunnah of the Prophet and his companions , since the time of the Companions until at the present time .... "
6 . Ibn Jarir Tabari ( d. . 310 H. ) said : " ... As for the right of the words on the belief that the believers will see God pad doomsday , then it is our religious faith with him , and we know that ahlus sunnah Wal Jama'ah believe that the inhabitants of heaven will see God in accordance news authentic from the Messenger of Allah .... "
7 . Imam Abu Ja'far Ahmad ibn Muhammad ath - Tahawi ( Th. 239-321 H ) said : " .... This is the explanation of the ' Aqeedah of Ahlus Sunnah Wal Jama'ah . "
May be useful for ' aqidah and our knowledge , Aamin ... Baarokallah Fiikum
( Jazakallahu khayran katsiran for akhi Smith Anas )