The ride was not finished (316)
(Part three hundred sixteen), Depok, West Java, Indonesia, July 19, 2015, 23:02:00 GMT)
Sunnah fasting gives wisdom.
I have friends, neighbors next to the house, I've lived next door to him for about 30 years, there is a habit that he says he's done since his youth, namely fasting of Prophet Dawud, ie sunnah fasting, fasting one day, the next day not fasting.
This he did until the age he is now about 70 years, during which my neighbors him, he rarely sick, the most he's ever cared for in the hospital a few years ago due to dengue fever.
After that he has never been sick until now, his body at an age of 70 years seem fit and healthy, even when there are good job of mutual cooperation mosque construction in a residential neighborhood, or cleaning drains (drains) AAU other voluntary work he got involved physically.
This full health that may result from his penchant Dawud sunnah fasting or because prayers continue to exercise every mandatory prayer and evening prayer.
Shaikh Abdullah bin Abdul al-Azhim Khalafi
Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam has been advocated to fast on the following days:
a. Six days in Shawwal
It was narrated from Abu Ayyub al-Ansari radi anhu, that the Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam said:
من صام رمضان ثم أتبعه ستا من شوال كان كصيام الدهر.
Whoever fasted Ramadan and then followed by fasting six days in Shawwal, then he is as fast a year. "
b, c. Day of 'Arafah for those who do not perform the pilgrimage and the day of' Ashura (the tenth day of Muharram) and the previous day (ninth day).
It was narrated from Abu Qatadah radi anhu, he said,
J سئل رسول الله عن صوم يوم عرفة, فقال: يكفر السنة الماضية والباقية. وسئل عن صوم يوم عاشوراء, فقال: يكفر السنة المضية.
"Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam was asked about fasting the day of' Arafah, he replied, 'It takes away the sins of the past year and that will come." He also asked about fasting the day of' Ashura, he replied, "He has taken away sins sin years ago. '"
Umm al-Fadl al-Harith bintu radi anhuma that there were some people who were nearby at the time in 'Arafah is at loggerheads about the fasting of the Prophet sallallaahu' alaihi wa sallam in the 'Arafah. There are some of them argue that he fasted and some others say he is not fasting, then the Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam delivered a glass of milk, then he was on his camel at' Arafat, and he drank it. 
Also narrated from Abu Ghathfan bin Tharif al-Muri, he said, "I heard Ibn 'Abbaas anhuma said,' When the Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam fasted' Ashura and he advocated his Companions to fast, they said, 'O Messenger of Allah, This indeed is the day that is honored by Jews and Christians. 'Then he said,' Well then, in the coming year we will fast on the ninth day (tasu'a) insha Allah. "Ibn 'Abbas said,' but not until next year, the Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam has died.' "
d. On most days of fasting in the month of Muharram
From Abu Hurayrah radi anhu, he said, "The Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam said:
أفضل الصيام بعد رمضان شهر الله المحرم وأفضل الصلاة بعد الفريضة صلاة الليل.
"The best of fasting after the fasting month of Ramadan is fasting in the month of Allah, Muharram and the best of prayer after the obligatory prayers is the night prayer." 
e. On most days of fasting in the month of Sha'ban
Of 'Aisha radi anhuma, he said, "I never saw the Prophet sallallaahu' alaihi wa sallam perfect except the month-long fasting month of Ramadan and I have never seen him fasting in a month more than a month of Sha'ban." 
f. Mondays and Thursdays
Narrated from Usama bin Zaid radi anhuma, he said, "Verily the Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam always fasted on Mondays and Thursdays, when he was asked about it, he replied:
إن أعمال العباد تعرض يوم الإثنين والخميس.
'Verily deeds are faced servant (Allah) on Mondays and Thursdays.' "
g. Fasting three days of each month (Hijriyyah)
From 'Abdullah bin' Amr radi anhuma, he said, "The Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam said to me:
صم من كل شهر ثلاثة أيام, فإن الحسنة بعشر أمثالها, وذلك مثل صيام الدهر.
'Your fast three days of every month. Indeed the good deeds reward tenfold, so he's like fasting all the time. '"
And disunnahkan to make the three-day thirtieth day, fourteen, and fifteen. Based on the history of Abu Dharr radi anhu, he said that the Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam said:
يا أبا ذر, إذا صمت من الشهر ثلاثة أيام فصم ثلاثة عشرة وأربع عشرة وخمس عشرة.
"O Abu Dharr, if you want to fast three days of a month, then your fast on the thirtieth day, fourteen, and fifteen." 
h. Day and break their daily fast (fasting of Prophet Dawud Alaihissallam)
It was narrated from 'Abdullah ibn' Amr radi anhuma, that the Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam said:
أحب الصيام إلى الله صيام داود كان يصوم يوما ويفطر يوما.
"Fasting is the most beloved of God is the fasting of Prophet Dawud, he fasted a day and break their day." 
i. Ninth day in the month of Dhul Hijjah
Narrated from Hunaidah bin Khalid, from his wife, from most wives of the Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam, he said, "The Prophet sallallaahu' alaihi wa sallam fasted on the ninth day of Dhul Hijjah, the day of 'Ashura, three days of every month, first Monday of a month and on Thursday. "
14. Days of Fasting For him Prohibited
a. Two Hari Raya ('Eid al-Fitr and' Eid al-Adha)
From Abu 'Ubaid, a freed slave of Ibn Azhar, he said, "I celebrate' Id along with 'Umar ibn al-Kaththab radi anhu, then he (' Umar) said, 'This is a two-day Prophet sallallaahu' alaihi wa sallam forbade us to fast to her, the day where you break the fast and the other day, the day where you take your sacrificial animals. "
b. Tasyriq day *
From Abu Murrah, a freed slave of Umm Hani ', that he was with' Abdullah bin 'Amr radi anhuma came to see' Amr ibn al-`As, then he serve food for them both, saying, "Eat!" He replied, " I'm fasting. "'Amr said," Eat, actually this is the day that the Prophet sallallaahu' alaihi wa sallam ordered us to break our fast and forbid. "Malik said," It was the day Tasyriq. "
And narrated from 'A'ishah and Ibn' Umar radi anhum, they both said, "Not allowed to fast on the days tasyriq, except those who do not get the sacrificial animals (in Mina when the pilgrimage)." 
c. Fasting on Friday alone
Has been narrated from Abu Hurayrah, he said, "I heard the Messenger of Shallahu alaihi wa sallam said:
لا تصومن أحدكم يوم الجمعة إلا يوما قبله أو بعده.
'Let not one of you fasting on Friday, but he fasted the day before or after.' "
d. Fasting on Saturday alone
Based on the history of 'Abdullah ibn as-Sulami Busr radi anhu, from his sister, ash-Shamma radi anhuma, that the Prophet sallallaahu' alaihi wa nature has said:
لا تصوموا يوم السبت إلا فيما افترض عليكم, و إن لم يجد أحدكم إلا لحاء عنب أو عود شجرة فليمضغها.
"Do not fast on Saturdays, unless that has been prescribed for you. If any one of you do not get (food for breaking), except the skins of grapes or a tree branch, then let him chew it. "
e. The second half of the month of Sha'ban for those who do not have the habit of fasting
It was narrated from Abu Hurayrah radi anhu that the Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam said:
إذا انتصف شعبان فلا تصوموا.
"If it had been up to the mid-month of Sha'ban, then you do not fasted." 
Also from Abu Hurayrah radi anhu, narrated that the Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam said:
لا يتقدمن أحدكم رمضان بصوم يوم أو يومين إلا أن يكون رجل كان يصوم صومه فليصم ذلك اليوم.
"Do not ever one of you ahead of Ramadan by fasting one or two days earlier, unless the person is working on a common fasting, let him fast on that day." 
f. Fasting on the day of doubt
From 'Ammar radi anhu, he said, "Whoever fasts on the day of the dubious means he has disobeyed Abul Qasim (the Prophet sallallaahu' alaihi wa sallam)." 
g. Fasting forever, even though she did not fast on the days of the forbidden to fast.
It was narrated from 'Abdullah ibn' Amr radi anhuma, he said, "The Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam said:
يا عبد الله بن عمرو! إنك لتصوم الدهر وتقوم الليل, وإنك إذا فعلت ذلك هجمت له العين ونهكت, لا صام من صام الأبد.
"O 'Abdullah bin' Amr, the real you is always fast during the day (forever) and get up at night. If you continue to do so, then you have made your eyes are sunken and torturing yourself. No fasting is fasting for the people forever. "
Also narrated from Abu Qatada, that there was a man came to the Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam as he asked, "O Messenger of Allah sallallaahu' alaihi wa sallam how do you fast?" The Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam upset to hear the words and when' Umar saw it, he said, "We have the pleasure of Allah as our Lord, Islam as our religion, and Muhammad as our Prophet. We seek refuge in Allah from His anger and wrath of His Messenger. "He kept repeating these words to the Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam stop angry, then he asked," O Messenger of Allah sallallaahu' alaihi wa sallam what about the fasting person forever? " He said:
لا صام ولا أفطر.
"He's not fast and not break the fast." 
15. Prohibition of Fasting For A Wife If Her husband There are (at Home) Except with The permits
Based on the history of Abu Hurayrah radi anhu, he said that the Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam said:
لا تصم المرأة وبعلها شاهد إلا بإذنه.
"Not allowed to fast on a wife when her husband at home, except with his permission." 
[Copied from the book of Al-Sunnah wal Wajiiz FII Fiqhis Kitaabil Aziiz, Author Shaikh Abdul Azhim bin Badawai al-Khalafi, Indonesia Guide Fiqh Complete Edition, Translator Team Tashfiyah LIPIA - Jakarta, Ibn Kathir Reader Publishers, Printed in Ramadan 1428 - September 2007M]
Three Worship Supreme End of Ramadan
Shaykh Muhammad ibn Salih al-Utsamin
The month of Ramadan will soon pass, let us evaluate ourselves each about whether we've done in this Noble. This month will be a witness in the hereafter of all the deeds we have done to her. Witnesses who would incriminate us or witnesses meringan. So let us take advantage of the remaining time to hurry repent, ask forgiveness to Allah Almighty and good deeds multiply. May all the good that we do after realizing various faults and shortcomings, can cover the deficiencies that we have done on previous days.
In the early days of Ramadan, day and night full of worship. During the day filled with fasting, dhikr, and reading the Koran, is being used that night to pray and read the Koran. At that time, the condition of most of the Muslims in the aspect of worship, as expected. They are excited and very enthusiastic utilize the seconds in order to worship Allah Almighty. But now, the days are filled with the blessing it will soon pass to leave us, but still a lot that has not been utilized to the maximum. We hope and pray to Almighty Allah, may Allah Almighty give us all the ability to maximize the remaining time in gaining the pleasure of Allah Almighty.
Hopefully we can put an end to Ramadan this by winning forgiveness from Allah Almighty for all the sins we have done, either sin or sin we realize we do not realize.
We ask Allah Almighty that will accept all our deeds, free from the fire of hell, lucky to be able to reach heaven and may Allah Almighty brings us back to next year's Ramadan in a better state.
Ending the blessed month of Ramadan this, Allah Almighty ordained us some glorious worship that can add to our faith in Allah Almighty and can enhance our worship and could further complement the favors of Allah Almighty to us. Worship stretcher is zakat Fitr, Id Takbir on the night and the prayer.
Fitr Zakat obligatory upon every Muslim. Zakat Fitr accomplished by issuing the Sha '(approximately 3 kg) staple food, as a cleaner for people who are fasting and as food for poor people. Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam said:
عن ابن عباس قال فرض رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم زكاة الفطر طهرة للصائم من اللغو والرفث وطعمة للمساكين
From Ibn 'Abbaas anhuma, he said: Messenger of Allah sallallaahu' alaihi wa sallam has required Fitr alms to purify those who fast from the case in vain and cruel words, and as food for poor people. 
Because of this Fitr Zakat is an obligation we all, then let us do it properly in order to obey the command of Allah Almighty and His Messenger.
Let us issue a zakat for ourselves and those who are covered by us.
Let us choose the staples were the best we can and the most useful, because zakat is only one sha 'in a year. And also because there was no one in this world knows and can guarantee that he will be able to carry out this charity again in the years to come.
Do we want to and are willing to do for ourselves griping by issuing zakat of basic food ingredients that bad or worse than what we eat or the ugliest? The answer, of course not.
Let us enthusiastic for this charity pilgrimage correctly, as was done by the Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam and the Companions radi anhum. Let us not be fulfilled by paying or spending money instead of staple food, because it was never done by the Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam and the Companions after he sallallaahu' alaihi wa sallam, and it was a medium of exchange that is similar to the existing money , but they do not pay their zakat Fitr with dinar and dirham that they have. It shows it is not disyari'atkan.
Whoever regular charity by using money instead of staple food, then the zakat feared worship is not accepted by Allah Almighty, because menyelisihi what is required by the Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam.
Let us give charity Fitr and give it to poor people around us, especially to poor people who are still there kinship with us while he was not among those who shall we nafkahi.
It's okay, if a poor person Fitr alms are given two or more or conversely one Fitr Zakat is distributed to two poor people. Based on this, if there is one family that collects zakat Fitr them and given to the poor people, then it does nothing. If we give zakat was used again by the recipients to pay zakat himself and his family, then it also does nothing.
Fulfill zakat Fitr at the feast before prayers because it was the best. But also allowed to issue a zakat Fitr a day or two days before the feast. Also not to be put off until after prayers zakat Fitr feast except as there udzur syar'i, such as news of the feast came suddenly and not allowing him to remove it before the prayer, because time is very short.
When we have determined to pull out and hand over our Fitr alms to someone and that person does not go we find while prayers had to be implemented, then we should give it to someone else. Let us not lose this time! If we had determined to hand it over to a certain person we consider most deserving but we never found the man, then we can ask the other person to represent the person and handed alms to someone who we mean if it met.
The second worship is worship takbir. Allah Almighty has described in his words:
ولتكملوا العدة ولتكبروا الله على ما هداكم ولعلكم تشكرون
and be ye replenish his number and you shall glorify Allah on His guidance given to you, that ye may be grateful. [Al-Baqarah / 2: 185]
Then let us bertakbir by saying:
الله أكبر, الله أكبر, لا إله إلا الله و الله أكبر, الله أكبر ولله الحمد
Takbir is recited aloud by men, but for women it Takbir is done quietly.
The third is the prayer of worship. In order to execute this worship, the Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam has ordered the men and women to women virgins and seclusion as well as people who do not have a habit to leave the house to carry out. He sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam ordered them all, including women who are menstruating are commanded to come out in order to witness the kindness and prayers of the Muslims. The women who are menstruation is certainly to be away from the place of prayer so as not to sit in a place of prayer 'Id.
O Muslims! Let us out of all men and women to pray feast in order to worship Allah Almighty and implementing orders the Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam and expect kindness and prayers of the Muslims. How much goodness revealed by Allah Almighty and how many prayers diijabahi (granted) by Allah Almighty that time.
Men should come out in a clean and wear perfume and wearing their best clothes! But for women, should come out without ornate and using fragrances.
Disunnahkan, when leaving the prayer with a walk unless there udzur such as not being able to walk and a place far away.
Including the sunnah practice on the same day is to eat before leaving prayer a few seeds of dates in an odd number; three, five or more. Anas bin Malik radi anhu said:
أن رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم لا يغدو يوم الفطر حتى يأكل تمرات ويأكلهن وترا
Indeed the Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam did not leave on the day of Eid al-Fitr to eat some dates and ate it with an odd number. [Bukhari]
Here are three dipenghujung disyari'atkan worship Ramadan. May Allah Almighty give his taufiq guidance to us all so that it can implement this third-worship properly.
(Diadaftasi of ad-Lami Dhiyâ'ul terminal Khutabil Jawâmi, Shaykh Muhammad ibn Salih al-Utsamin rahimahullah 3 / 141-144)
[Copied from As-Sunnah magazine Special Edition (03-04) / Year XVIII / 1435H / 2014M. Published Lajnah Foundation Istiqomah Surakarta, Jl. Solo - Solo Purwodadi Km.8 Selokaton Gondangrejo 57 773 Tel. 0271-858197 Fax 0271-858196]
. Abu Dawud, no. 1609; Ibn Majah, no. 1827. Dihasankan by Shaykh al-Albani